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HISTORICAL NEWS 

It is expected that the General Index to Volumes XI.-XX. of this 
journal will be published before our next number appears. Up to the 
date of the publication of this index, orders for it, and orders for its 
predecessor, the General Index to volumes I.-X., will be received at the 
price of one dollar for each; after that date, the price of both will be 
raised to $1.25. Orders should be addressed to the publishers, the Mac- 
millan Company, 66 Fifth Avenue, New York. The prices mentioned 
are for copies in paper binding. If indexes bound in black half-mo- 
rocco, uniform with the binding of the Review, are desired, fifty cents 
should be added. 

AMERICAN HISTORICAL ASSOCIATION 

The thirty-first annual meeting of the American Historical Associa- 
tion, held at Washington, December 28-31, promises, as we go to press, 
to be attended by a quite exceptional number of members. The pro- 
gramme stands substantially as reported in our last issue. The main 
subject for the annual conference of historical societies is the papers of 
business firms, their collection and use for historical purposes. The 
general meeting of allied societies in behalf of a National Archive Build- 
ing is held in the Continental Hall of the Daughters of the American 
Revolution, and consists largely of illustrated addresses. Among other 
archive-pictures, the architectural studies prepared for the proposed 
building in Washington by Mr. Louis A. Simon, of the office of the 
Supervising Architect, are to be thrown on the screen. Receptions at 
the building of the Pan-American Union, at the National Museum, and 
at the house of Hon. and Mrs. John W. Foster, are announced. 

The annual preparatory meeting of the Executive Council was held 
in New York on November 27. The annual report made on that occa- 
sion by the Board of Editors of this journal has, by vote of the Council, 
been printed and distributed to members of the Association. 

In honor of Professor H. Morse Stephens, Professor J. L. Myres of 
Oxford has published a pamphlet analysis of 28 pages entitled The Pro- 
vision for Historical Studies at Oxford, surveyed in a Letter to the 
President of the American Historical Association on Occasion of its 
Meeting in California, 1915 (Oxford University Press). 

In the Original Narratives series, the printing of Professor Herbert 
E. Bolton's volume, Spanish Explorations in the Southwest, 1542-1/06, 
has not been completed in season to admit of publication in November or 
December; it will appear in February. The concluding volume of the 

(379) 



380 Historical News 

series, Early Narratives of the Northwest, edited by Miss Louise Phelps 
Kellogg, will appear either late in the spring or early in the autumn. 
Mr. Bolton's volume consists mainly of narratives never before printed 
in English ; several have never been printed even in Spanish. 

PERSONAL 

Theodor Brieger, professor of church history in the University of 
Leipzig, and one of the editors of the Zeitschrift fiir Kirchengeschichte, 
died in Leipzig on June 8, 191 5, aged seventy-three years. His nu- 
merous historical writings related chiefly to Luther and his period. 

Dr. James Sullivan has been appointed by the Regents of the Uni- 
versity of the State of New York director of archives and history in the 
University, under arrangements by which that office will hereafter em- 
brace the functions hitherto exercised by the state historian, the work 
of the chief archivist, and that of the public records division. 

Dr. Albert E. McKinley, hitherto of Temple University, has become 
a professor of American history and pedagogics in the University of 
Pennsylvania. 

Mr. John Zedler has been made professor of history and political 
science in Albion College. 

Dr. Roscoe R. Hill, who for the last two years has been an instructor 
in Columbia University, and during the two years preceding was in the 
service of the Carnegie Institution at Seville, has been elected professor 
of history, with special view to Latin-American history, in the University 
of New Mexico. 

Dr. Frank J. Klingberg has been promoted to the full rank of pro- 
fessor of modern European history in the University of Southern 
California. 

GENERAL 

In celebration of the centenary anniversary of Argentine independ- 
ence, an American Congress of Bibliography and History will be held 
at Buenos Aires and Tucuman in July, 1916. In the historical section, 
papers relating to all periods of American history will be included. The 
president of the executive committee is Dr. Nicanor Sarmiento. Its 
secretary is Dr. Ignacio S. Toledo (hijo), Avenido de Mayo 715, Buenos 
Aires, from whom the provisional programme can be obtained. It is 
planned in Brazil that another American Congress of History shall take 
place at Rio de Janeiro in 1922. 

The American Jewish Historical Society holds its twenty-fourth 
annual meeting in Philadelphia on February 20 and 21. The correspond- 
ing secretary is Mr. Albert M. Friedenberg, 38 Park Row, New York. 
The society has just brought out Number 23 of its Publications (pp. 
236), upon which we shall be able to comment later. 



General 381 

La Geographic de I'Histoire (Paris, 1914, pp. 70) is an excellent essay 
by J. Brunhes based upon some of his lectures at the College of France. 

The Skrifter of the Academy of Sciences of Christiania for 1914, 
Hist.-Fil. Kl. (Christiania, Jacob Dybwad, 191 5, 2 vols.), contains a long 
monograph (493 pp.) by Dr. S. Eitrem on ceremonies of sacrifice 
among the Greeks and Romans; a group of short studies by Professor 
Alexander Bugge on various points in Norwegian history in the eleventh 
century, such as the designs of Magnus the Good upon England, his 
death, the joint kingdom of Magnus and Harald Sigurdsson, the marriage 
of Harald Haardraade, and the expeditions of Magnus Barfot to the 
British Isles; a monograph (in German) on "Das Christus-Mysterium " 
by Dr. Christian A. Bugge; a work on indications of heathen worship 
in Norwegian place-names by Professor Magnus Olsen; and one (in 
German) on " Altnordische Waffenkunde " by Professor Hjalmar Falk. 

The third number of the Catholic Historical Review (October) has 
articles on Lulworth Castle by C. M. Antony; on Pioneer Efforts in 
Catholic Journalism in the United States by Dr. Paul J. Foik; and on 
Catholic Beginnings in the Diocese of Rochester by Professor Frederick 
J. Zwierlein. The editor of the Official Catholic Directory furnishes a 
bibliographical note upon the issues of that repertory from 1817 to the 
present time. A valuable report of Bishop Flaget on the diocese of 
Bardstown, made to Pope Pius VII. in 1815, is printed from the archives 
of the Propaganda. In editorial pages, a strong appeal is made for the 
awakening in the United States of a corporate Catholic historical con- 
science, with a view to more adequate treatment of Catholic American 
history and of cordial co-ordination of such work with that of other 
historical agencies in the United States. 

Among the numerous articles and studies in the recent numbers of 
the History Teacher's Magazine are the following: the Study of State 
History, by C. S. Larzelere (September) ; American Colonial History 
in the High School, by A. E. McKinley (October) ; American Colonies 
and the British Empire, by W. T. Root; and the Paterson Plan for a 
Federal Constitution, by C. R. Lingley (November). In the December 
number, Professor Edward C. Page of the State Normal School at De- 
Kalb, Illinois, gives an account of the museum of history attached to 
that institution; Professor James A. Woodburn sets forth Political 
Parties and Party Leaders as a subject for an historical course, and 
Professor Edgar Dawson treats of Answers in American History, mean- 
ing answers given to the questions of the College Board, as a means of 
judging the general level of work expected by this system of exam- 
inations. 

In the first or January number of The Military Historian and Econ- 
omist the title of Contre-Amiral Degouy's article, with which the num- 
ber begins, will be " Hostile Submarine Action and the American Sea- 



382 Historical News 

board ". Otherwise the contents will be as announced in our last issue. 
It is gratifying to know that the future of the journal is assured for a 
considerable period. 

Articles in the June number of the Magazine of History are: Closing 
War Scenes, by Rev. C. W. Backus, Old Roxbury Town, by Elizabeth M. 
Gosse, and a continuation of General Philip Reade's Massachusetts at 
Valley Forge; also a letter of Lincoln to Rev. James Lemen, March 2, 
1857, and one of Benjamin Franklin to Dr. Price, March 18, 1785, both 
reprints. 

Upon the model of the annual reports which in happier times Profes- 
sor Cauchie published concerning the transactions of his historical semi- 
nary at Louvain, Professor Peter Guilday of the Catholic University of 
America begins the issue of Reports from his seminar in American 
church history. The first issue relates to work done by members during 
the academic year 1914-1915. Most significant are the reports, of sev- 
eral pages each, of Rev. Raymond Payne on the work of the Leopoldine 
Association in the United States, 1829-1861 ; of Rev. Daniel O'Connell 
on the Spanish Inquisition in the Spanish Colonies of the United States; 
and of Rev. Michael Grupa on the Jesuit Peter Skarga and the Polish 
Counter-Reformation, 1 536-1612. 

The volume of Historisch-Politische Studien (Vienna, St. Norbertus, 
1915) by Professor Karl Hugelmann is made up largely of essays on the 
history of Austria in the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries. A volume 
of Studi di Storia e di Critica (Bologna, Zanichelli, 1915) has been dedi- 
cated to Professor Pio Carlo Falletti of the University of Bologna in 
commemoration of his forty years of teaching. The seventieth birthday 
of Professor Dietrich Schafer of the University of Berlin has been 
recognized by a Festschrift, entitled Mittelalters und der Neuseit (Jena, 
Fischer, 1915), compiled by his pupils. 

A work of the highest importance to the history of ancient and medi- 
eval astronomy is M. Pierre Duhem's Le Systeme du Monde: Histoire 
des Doctrines Cosmologiques, de Platon a Copernic (Paris, A. Hermann, 
1914, 2 vols., pp. 512, 522). 

Noteworthy articles in periodicals: O. von Gierke, Ueber die Ge- 
schichte des Majoritats princips (Schmollers Jahrbuch, XXXIX. 2) ; 
P. Gentile, Sulla Possibility d'una Storia Universale del Diritto (Rivista 
Italiana di Sociologia, May) ; G. Prato, L'Occupasione Militare nel Pas- 
sat o e nel Presente: Barbarie Antica e Civilta Moderna (La Ri forma 
Sociale, August) ; W. F. Willcox, The Expansion of Europe in Popula- 
tion (American Economic Review, December). 

ANCIENT HISTORY 

General review: G. Glotz, Histoire Grecque, ipn-1914, I. (Revue 
Historique, September). 



Ancient History 383 

Volume II. of Leonard W. King's History of Babylonia (Chatto and 
Windus) closes with the Persian conquest. 

Miscellaneous Babylonian Inscriptions, by Dr. Albert T. Clay, con- 
stitutes vol. I. of the Yale Oriental series, Babylonian Texts, It is 
issued by the Yale University Press. In the same series, vol. II. of Re- 
searches by Edward T. Newell, The Dated Alexander Coinage of Sidon 
and Ake, is shortly to be issued. The Yale University Press has also 
issued George Dahl's The Materials for the History of Dor. 

The series Columbia University Oriental Studies contains Professor 
Wallace B. Fleming's History of Tyre. 

The Social Legislation of the Primitive Semites, by Dr. Henry 
Schaeffer (Yale University Press) attempts a study of the laws and 
customs of the people of Arabia, Babylonia, and Israel. In one of the 
Bulletins of the University of Iowa (Studies in Sociology, Economics, 
Politics, and History, volume IV., no. 2, pp. 98) Mr. M. J. Laure studies 
carefully The Property Concepts of the Early Hebrews. 

Messrs. Hodder and Stoughton announce for early publication an 
Atlas of the Historical Geography of the Holy Land by Professor George 
Adam Smith. 

Some recent contributions to Greek history have been: F. Sartiaux, 
Troie: la Guerre de Troie et les Origines Prehistoriques de la Question 
d'Orient (Paris, Hachette, 1915) ; C. N. Rados, Les Guerres Mediques: 
la Bataille de Salamine (Paris, Fontemoing, 191 5) ; M. Romstedt, Die 
Wirtschaftliche Organisation des Athenischen Reiches (Weida, Thomas 
and Hubert, 1914, pp. 72). 

Professor Ettore Pais has issued a first series of Ricerche sulla Storia 
e sul Diritto Pubblico di Roma (Rome, Loescher, 1915, pp. xii, 469). 
Five of the studies deal with the laws of the Twelve Tables. 

Franz Leifer has made a careful study of the several officials of the 
Roman republic and of their powers in Die Einheit des Gewaltgedankes 
im Romischen Staatsrecht : ein Beitrag zur Geschichte des Oeffentlichen 
Rechts (Munich, Duncker and Humblot, 1914), in which he seeks to 
prove that the Romans of the republic had a definite idea of the unity of 
the imperium. 

Varese, Ricerche di Storia Militare dell' Antichith (Palermo, Reber, 
1915) deals with Rome and Carthage in the first volume. P. Fraccaro 
has issued a volume of Studi sull' Eta dei Gracchi (Citta di Castello, 
Lapi, 1914). C. Lanzani has written Mario e Silla, Storia della Demo- 
crasia Romana negli Anni 87-82 av. Cristo (Catania, Battiato, 1914, pp. 
386) . Die Feldsiige C. Julius C'dsar Octavianus in Illyrien in den Jahren 
35-33 v. Chr. (Vienna, Holder, 1915) is by Veith. 

Noteworthy articles in periodicals : F. Wiegers, Die Entwicklung der 
Diluvialen Kunst mit besonderer Berucksichtigung der Darstellung des 



384 Historical News 

Menschen (Zeitschrift fur Ethnologie, XLVI. 2) ; J. Joulin, Les Ages 
Protohistoriques dans V Europe Barbare [conclusion] (Revue Archeo- 
logique, January, May) ; G. Blotz, Les Lois de la Guerre dans I'Antiquite 
Grecque (Revue de Paris, September 1); A. Stein, Tacitus als Ge- 
schichtsquelle (Neue Jahrbucher, XXXV. 6) ; S. Reinach, Les Fune- 
railles d'Alaric (Revue Archeologique, January). 

EARLY CHURCH HISTORT 

The Environment of Early Christianity, by Professor S. Angus of 
the University of Sydney (Scribner), though a small volume, provides 
a thoughtful consideration of the social, moral, and religious conditions 
of the Jew, the Greek, and the Roman at the beginning of the Christian 
era. The volume is one of the series entitled Studies in Theology. 

The American Lectures on the History of Religions, given each year 
in various universities and cities, are this year being given by Principal 
J. Estlin Carpenter of Manchester College, Oxford, on the subject of 
" The Early Organization of the Christian Church ". 

L'&glise Apostolique et les Juifs Philosophes jusqu'a Philon, by L. 
Bouillon, of which the second -volume (Orthez, Faget, 1914, pp. xvi, 
1050) contains Documents et Demonstrations, is intended to serve as a 
justification of Christian tradition and as an introduction to the New 
Testament. 

F. R. Montgomery Hitchcock has published Irenaeus of Lugdunum: 
a Study of his Teaching (Cambridge, University Press, 1914, pp. 382). 

MEDIEVAL HISTORY 

The first volume of C. R. L. Fletcher's The Making of Western 
Europe (Dutton) covers the years 300 A. D. to 1000. The same period 
in a more restricted area is dealt with by Mr. H. B. Cotterill in Medi- 
aeval Italy during a Thousand Years, 305-1313 (Stokes), an excellent 
volume of the Great Nations series. Mr. Cotterill, in order to make the 
most of his space, presents historical summaries of leading events, then 
chapters in which the most important aspects are discussed. 

The Letters of Sidonius, translated by R. M. Dalton (Oxford, 
Clarendon Press), give easy access to a famous picture of the life and 
habits of the Romans of the fifth century. 

The third volume of L. Caetani's Studi di Storia Orientale contains 
La Biografia di Maometto Prof eta ed Uomo di Stato; il Principio del 
Califfato; la Conquista d' Arabia (Milan, Hoepli, 1914, pp. xix, 431). 

T. H. Weir has recently published a revised edition of Sir William 
Muir's The Caliphate, its Rise, Decline, and Fall. 

Dr. A. J. Carlyle has completed vol. III. of A History of Medieval 
Political Theory in the West, which is published by Messrs. Blackwood. 



Modern European History 385 

Dr. R. L. Poole, lecturer on diplomatic in the University of Oxford, 
has published, through the Cambridge University Press, Lectures on 
the History of the Papal Chancery down to the Time of Innocent III. 

G. Schober has published a study of Das Wahldekret vom Jahre 1050 
(Breslau, 1914, pp. iv, 79), which regulated papal elections. 

K. H. Schafer has published a third volume of his Deutsche Ritter 
und Edelknechte in Italien (Paderborn, Schoningh, 1915). 

Noteworthy articles in periodicals: E. Amelineau, La Conquete de 
l'£gypte par les Arabes [conclusion] (Revue Historique, September) ; 
Ephraim Emerton, Fra Salimbene and the Franciscan Ideal (Harvard 
Theological Review, October) ; M. Prou, La Foret en Angleterre et en 
France (Journal des Savants, June, July, August) ; R. Leonhard, Flur- 
gemeinschaft und Feudalitat (Schmollers Jahrbuch, XXXIX. 1); J. 
Flach, Les Rcvendications Frangaises de la Lorraine et de V Alsace du 
XI e au XVII e Siecle (Comptes Rendus de l'Academie des Sciences 
Morales et Politiques, September). 

MODERN EUROPEAN HISTORY 

General review: E. Mayer, Histoire Militaire des Deux Empires 
(Revue des fitudes Napoleoniennes, July). 

The Library of Congress has published a Catalogue of the John 
Boyd Thacher Collection of Incunabula (pp. 329), compiled by Mr. Fred- 
erick W. Ashley. The collection is now at the Library. 

A revised edition of Professor Edward M. Hulme's The Renaissance, 
the Protestant Revolution and the Reformation (Century Company, pp. 
629) has appeared this fall. This edition contains a " prefatory note " 
explaining the genesis of the volume, and the debt which the author 
gladly acknowledges to Professor George L. Burr, whose Outlines served 
as the framework of this study. The fifty pages of appendix added to 
this edition contain useful genealogical tables, a list of the Holy Roman 
Emperors, a list of the popes, and an extended and critical bibliography 
(PP- 57 I_ 6°7)- Various missprints of the first edition have been cor- 
rected and in a few cases the text has been slightly recast. 

In the series of Nuntiaturberichte aus Deutschland, S. Steinherz has 
edited the reports of the nuncio Delfino, 1564 (Vienna, Holder, 1914) 
and J. Schweizer those of Antonio Puteo from Prag, 1 587-1 589 (Pader- 
born, Schoningh, 1915, pp. cxlvi, 630). 

The Oxford University Press announces The Evolution of Prussia: 
the Making of an Empire, by J. A. R. Marriott and C. Grant Robertson, 
and The Balkans and Turkey: the History and Development of the 
Balkan States and the Turkish Empire, by Nevill Forbes, D. Nitrany> 
Arnold Toynbee, and others. These volumes are the first of a series of 
histories of the warring countries projected by this press. 

AM. HIST. REV., VOL. XXI. — 2$. 



386 Historical News 

H. Sieveking has contributed Grundziige der Neueren Wirtschafts- 
geschichte vom 17. Jahrhundert bis zur Gegenwart (Leipzig, Teubner, 
1915) to the second volume of Meister's Grundriss der Geschichtswis- 
senschaft. 

An Historical Atlas of Modern Europe from 1789 to 1014, prepared 
by C. Grant Robertson and J. G. Bartholomew (Oxford University 
Press) contains 43 maps with historical text. 

Commandant Maurice Weil has reprinted from the Revue de Paris 
his study Cent-Jours, a study of the diplomacy of the Waterloo campaign. 

A volume of Etudes Historiques et Strategiques : la Solution des 
Enigmes de Waterloo (Paris, Plon, 1915) has been written by E. Lenient. 

Under the title European Politics during the Decade before the War 
as described by Belgian Diplomatists, the Imperial German Foreign 
Office has issued, in a folio pamphlet of some 144 pages, with an intro- 
duction and some facsimiles, a selection from the reports of the Belgian 
representatives in Berlin, London, and Paris to the minister of foreign 
affairs in Brussels from 1905 to 1914. The documents are presented in 
their original French and in English translation. They form a volume 
of extraordinary interest, for it is rare that diplomatic reports so nearly 
contemporary are published, otherwise than after a selection made by 
friendly hands and for defensive purposes, while these are documents 
which the Germans found in the Brussels archives. They have also the 
merit of exhibiting Berlin, London, and Paris politics from the point of 
view of disinterested, and sometimes sagacious, observers. 

W. W. Claridge, senior medical officer of the West African Medical 
Staff, is the author of a work in two volumes entitled A History of the 
Gold Coast and Ashanti, from the Earliest Times to the Beginning of 
the Twentieth Century (John Murray). 

Noteworthy articles in periodicals : A. H. Lybyer, The Ottoman Turks 
and the Routes of Oriental Trade (English Historical Review, October) ; 
F. Brunot, La Civilisation Frangaise en Allemagne au XVII e Siecle 
(Revue de Paris, August 1) ; E. Karacson, Die P forte und Ungarn im 
Jahre 1788 (Ungarische Rundschau, IV. 1); W. M. Kozlowski, Kosci- 
uszko et les Legions Polonaises en France 1798-1801 [conclusion] 
(Revue Historique, September) ; H. Welschinger, Les Pr eliminates 
d'lena (Comptes Rendus de l'Academie des Sciences Morales et Politiques, 
September) ; Napoleons Kontinentalsperre und das England von Heute 
(Velhagen und Klasings Monatshefte, July) ; J. H. Rose, Wellington 
dans la Campagne de Waterloo (Revue des fitudes Napoleoniennes, 
July) ; A. Fournier, Brief e vom Wiener Kongress: Prinz Anton Rad- 
ziwill an seine Gemahlin Prinzessin Luise von Preussen (Deutsche 
Rundschau, June, July) ; P. Bouree, Une Mission Secrete en Allemagne, 
Mair-]uin 1850 (Revue de Paris, August 1); C. Pitollet, Le " Fameux 



The Great War 387 

Raid" du Comte Zeppelin, Juillet, 1870 (Revue des fitudes Napoleon- 
iennes, July) ; A. Bruckner, Russland und Europa (Archiv fur die Ge- 
schichte des Sozialismus und der Arbeiterbewegung, VI. 1 ) ; P. Armin- 
jon, Le Soudan Sgyptien (Revue des Deux Mondes, September 1). 

THE GREAT WAR 

Lange and Berry have published two parts of a bibliography of the 
war, consisting mainly of English and American titles, which covers 
publications previous to March, 191 5. About a thousand books are 
listed. 

The firm of Berger-Levrault of Paris have published an Atlas-Index 
de tous les Theatres de la Guerre in three octavo volumes. The first 
volume has 16 maps and 24 detail maps of the French and Belgian front, 
with an index of 8352 names; the second has 33 maps of the eastern 
front; and the third, 8 maps and 32 detail maps of Italy, the Balkans, 
and the Caucasus. These handy volumes sell at the modest price of 
three francs each. 

In addition to the works mentioned in the last number, and their con- 
tinuations, the following histories of the war have appeared: G. H. 
Perris, The Campaign of 1914 in France and Belgium (New York, Holt, 
I 9 I 5) PP- xxiii, 395) ; H. Belloc, A General Sketch of the European 
War: the First Phase (New York, Nelson, 1915, pp. 377) ; F. S. Bur- 
nell, Australia versus Germany, the Story of the Taking of German New 
Guinea (London, Allen and Unwin, 1915, pp. 254) ; C. H. Baer, Der 
Volkerkrieg: eine Chronik der Ereignisse seit dem 1. Juli 1914 (vol. III., 
to January, 1915; Stuttgart, Hoffmann, 1915, pp. viii, 320); P. Dauzet, 
Guerre de 1914, de Liege a la Marne (Paris, Charles-Lavauzelle, 1915, 
pp. 94) ; H. de Rothschild and L. G. Gourraigne, La Grande Guerre 
d'apres la Presse Parisienne, Recueil d' Articles (Paris, Hachette, 1915, 
pp. 447) ; and P. Nothomb, L'Yser, les Villes Saintes, la Victoire, la 
Bataille d'£te (Paris, Perrin, 1915). 

La Guerre Europeenne, Avant-Propos Strategiques, la Manoeuvre 
Morale, Front d'Occident, Aout 1914-Mai 1915 (Paris, Payot, 1915) by 
Colonel F. Feyler, and La Guerre de 1914, Notes au Jour le Jour par un 
Neutre (Paris, Cres, 1915, 2 vols.) by Jean Debrit are the works of 
Swiss military writers. 

The origins of the war are discussed in G. Wampach, Le Dossier de 
la Guerre (Paris, Fischbacher, 191 5, 3 vols.) ; Yves Guyot, Les Causes 
et les Consequences de la Guerre (Paris, Alcan, 1915, pp. 416) ; G. Som- 
ville, Vers Liege: le Chemin du Crime, Aout 1914 (Paris, Perrin, 1915). 
R. Moulin has republished numerous articles in La Guerre et les Neutres 
(Paris, Plon, 191 5, pp. ix, 375) ; and Problemes de Politique et Finances 
de Guerre (Paris, Alcan, 1915) contains contributions by G. Jeze, C. 
Rist, L. Rolland, and J. Barthelemy. 



388 Historical News 

Books by those who have been at the front are beginning to appear. 
Behind the Scenes at the Front (London, Chatto and Windus, 1915, pp. 
240) is by George Adam, a correspondent of the Times, who visited the 
western front last winter. L. Colin, Les Barbares a la Trouee des 
Vosges, 1914-1915, Recits des Temoins (Paris, Bloud and Gay, 1915, 
pp. xvi, 35s) ; M. Gauchez, De la Meuse a I'Yser, ce que j'ai Vu (Paris, 
Fayard, 191 5, pp. 254) ; M. Dupont, En Campagne, 1914-1015, Impres- 
sions d'un Officier de Legere (Paris, Plon, 1915, pp. Hi, 321); and B. 
Descubes, Mon Cornet d'£claireur, Aout-Novembre, ipi 4 (Paris, Per- 
rin, 191 5) recite experiences in the French army. German experiences 
on the eastern front are recorded by F. Wertheimer, Im Polnischen 
Winterfeldzug mit der Armee Mackensen (Stuttgart, Deutsche Verlags- 
Anstalt, 1915, pp. 194) ; by P. Lindenberg, Gegen die Russen mit der 
Armee Hindenburgs (Leipzig, Hirzel, 1914) and Beim Armee-Oberkom- 
mando Hindenburgs: ein Neues Kriegsbuch (Stuttgart, Bonz, 191 5, pp. 
192); and Paul Schweder, " Kriegsberichterstatter ", Im Kaiserlichen 
Hauptquartier, Deutsche Kriegsbriefe von der Donau zur Maas (Leip- 
zig, Hesse and Becker, 1915, pp. 320). 

In The Log of a Noncombatant (Boston and New York, Houghton 
Mifflin Company, 1915, pp. 169), Horace Green has put into connected 
form his personal experiences as correspondent for the New York Even- 
ing Post and the Boston Journal during the first year of the present 
war. Vivid accounts are given of conditions and events noted by the 
observant reporter in his wanderings from Ghent to Brussels, to Aix-la- 
Chapelle by way of Lou vain and Liege, to the Hague, to Berlin, and 
through rural Germany. The second attack on Termonde and the bom- 
bardment and capture of Antwerp are the main military actions de- 
scribed. There is an appendix in which evidence of German atrocities 
is sifted. The author's verdict is that the Germans are not guilty in the 
manner and form in which they stand indicted. 

Mr. Frederick Palmer's My Year of the Great War (Dodd, Mead, and 
Co.) has very high merit among books of its class, and the advantages 
arising from his position as the sole accredited American correspondent 
with the British army. 

The relations of the Socialists to the war are examined in a well- 
documented volume by Omer Boulanger, entitled L' Internationale So- 
cialiste a Vecu (Paris, Ollendorff, 1915). In Le Groupe Socialiste du 
Reichstag et la Declaration de Guerre (Paris, Colin, 1915, pp. 109) P. 
G. La Chesnais attacks the disloyalty of the German socialists to their 
principles. 

In the series called International Conciliation, no. 95 continues the 
documents regarding the European war by printing official correspond- 
ence between the United States and Great Britain, between August 5, 
1914, and July 31, 1915, on the Declaration of London, on contraband 
of war and restraints upon commerce, and on the case of the Wilhelmina. 



The Great War 389 

The World Peace Foundation has begun the issue of a series of pam- 
phlets containing the official documents concerning neutral rights and 
freedom of commerce and navigation which have passed between this 
country and belligerent nations since August I, 1914. 

The Second Belgian Gray Book, published in French in Paris by 
Hachette, is printed less completely in English by the British govern- 
ment. This English edition embraces, among other documents relating 
to the war, a section relating to the German accusation that Belgium 
had before the war concluded a military understanding with Great 
Britain. The official Belgian edition contains also the protests ad- 
dressed by the Belgian government to the governments of Germany and 
Austro-Hungary against violations of the laws of war and of the Hague 
Convention. 

Undoubtedly one of the war books of permanent interest is L'Alle- 
magne avant la Guerre: les Causes et les Responsabilites (Paris, Van 
Oest, 1915) by Baron Beyens, who was the Belgian ambassador in Berlin 
on the eve of the war. Numerous photographs of documents and other 
pertinent illustrations appear in La Belgique et I'Allemagne, Textes et 
Documents (London, Harrison, 1915, pp. iv, 128) by H. Davignon. 
Waxweiler's presentation of the case for Belgium has been answered 
in a pamphlet by Dr. R. Grasshoff entitled Belgiens Schuld (Berlin, 
Reimer, 1915, pp. 104). Several officers of the Belgian ministry of war 
have compiled La Campagne de I'Armee Beige, 31 Juillet 1014-1 Janvier 
1915, d'apres les Documents Officiels (Paris, Bloud and Gay, 1915). A 
citizen of Louvain who remained in the city through the early months 
of German occupation, Herve de Gruben, has written Les Allemands a 
Louvain, Souvenirs d'un Temoin (Paris, Plon, 1915, pp. iii, 157). 

English discussions of the war and its problems include Arnold Toyn- 
bee, Nationality and the War (London, Dent, 1915, pp. x, 522) ; J. 
M'Cabe, The Soul of Europe : a Character Study of the Militant Nations 
(London, Unwin, 1915, pp. vi, 407) ; Frederic Harrison, The German 
Peril: Forecasts, 1864-1014; Realities, 101 5; Hopes, 191 — (London, Un- 
win, 1915, pp. 300), in which he claims to be "the oldest and most per- 
sistent of those politicians who warned our countrymen of what they 
had to meet". H. P. Okie, America and the German Peril (London, 
Heinemann, 191 5, pp. 198) is a collection of miscellaneous war articles 
of which only the last relates to the title subject. 

The French war ministry has issued a Recueil des Documents in- 
serts au Bulletin Officiel et concernant specialement la Periode des Hos- 
tilites du 2 Aout 1014 au 30 Juin 1015 (Paris, Charles-Lavauzelle, 1915, 
pp. 690). • The sixth volume of the series Guerre de 1914, Documents 
Officielles, Textes Legislatifs et Reglementaires (Paris, Dalloz, 1915) 
contains documents to October 15, 1915. 



390 Historical News 

Arras sous les Obus (Paris, Bloud and Gay, 1915) is by Abbe E. 
Foulon, professor in the Institution Saint-Joseph at Arras, and is illus- 
trated with a hundred photographs. A similar work with photographs 
and documents has been compiled under the auspices of the French 
ministerial bureau of fine arts relating to Reims, Arras, Senlis, Louvain, 
Soissons, and other cities under the title Les Allemands Destructeurs de 
Cathedrales et de Tresors du Passe (Paris, Hachette, 191 5, pp. 88). The 
ministry of foreign affairs has issued a similar volume on Les Violations 
des Lois de la Guerre par I'Allemagne (Paris, Berger-Levrault, 1915, 
pp. 208) containing 72 photographs of documents. These are supple- 
mented by Le Livre Rouge: les Atrocites Alletnandes en France, Rapport 
Officiel (Paris, Bibliotheque des Ouvrages Documentaires, 1915, pp. 62), 
and Rapports et Proces-V erbaux d'Enquete de la Commission instituee 
en vue de constater les Crimes commis par I'Ennemi en Violation du 
Droit des Gens (2 parts, Paris, Hachette, 1915). 

Among the more thorough and substantial German discussions of 
war questions may be noted A. Hettner, Englands Weltherrschaft und 
der Krieg (Leipzig, Teubner, 1915, pp. v, 269) ; Helmolt, Die Geheime 
Vorgeschichte des Weltkrieges (Leipzig, Koehler, 1915) ; G. F. Steffen, 
Weltkrieg und Imperialisms: Sosialpsychologische Dokumente und 
Beobachtungen vom Weltkrieg, 1914-1915 (Jena, Diederichs, 1915, pp. 
255) ; K. Quenzel, Wir " Barbaren" : Anekdoten und Begebenheiten aus 
dem Weltkriege, mit Beitrdgen von R. Eucken und Ernst Freiherr von 
Wolsogen (Leipzig, Hesse and Becker, 1915, pp. 288); E. Miiller, Der 
Weltkrieg und das Volkerrecht: eine Anklage gegen die Kriegfiihrung 
des Dreiverbandes (Berlin, Reimer, 1915, pp. v, 378) ; and Deutschland 
und der Weltkrieg (Leipzig, Teubner, 1915, pp. 686) which contains 
contributions by O. Hintze, F. Meinecke, H. Oncken, H. Schumacher, 
and others. 

Vice-Admiral H. Kirchhoff has collected much interesting material 
in DerSeekrieg, 1914-1915: Schiffspost- und Feldpostbriefe sowie andere 
Berichte von Mitkdmpfern und Augenzeugen (Leipzig, Hesse and 
Becker, 191 5, pp. 319). 

Recent additions to the series Quaderni della Guerra are Diario 
della Guerra d' Italia, containing official despatches from the front; also 
La Triplice Alleanza dalle Origini alia Denunsia, 1882-1915, by A. Italo 
Sulliotti (Milan, Treves, 1915). 

The relations of Italy to the war are discussed in S. Barzilai, Dalla 
Triplice Alleanza al Conflitto Europeo (Rome, Tip. Ed. Nazionale, 1915) ; 
H. Welschinger, La Mission du Prince de Billow a Rome, Decembre 
1914-Mai 1915 (Paris, Bloud and Gay, 1915) ; J. Destree, En Italie avant 
la Guerre, 1914-1915 (Paris, Van Oest, 1915, pp. 200). G. E: Curatulo, 
Francia e Italia, Pagine di Storia, 1840-1914 (Turin, Bocca, 1915, pp. 
viii, 238) emphasizes the unfriendly rather than the friendly relations 
and is apparently a work of propaganda rather than of scholarship. 



Great Britain and Ireland 391 

Russia and the Great War (London, Unwin, 1915, pp. 357) is a trans- 
lation by B. Miall of the work of G. Alexinsky. Some elements of the 
Russian problem are presented from the German side in M. Friederichsen, 
Die Grenzmarken des Europdischen Russlands, ihre Geographische 
Eigenart und ihre Bedeutung fur den Weltkrieg (Hamburg, Fried- 
erichsen, 1915, pp. 148). 

The Turkish and Balkan phases of the war and its origins may be 
studied in H. von Biilow, Deutschland, Oesterreich-Ungarn, und die 
Balkanstaaten (Hamburg, Der Siid-West-Verlag, 1914, pp. 166); E. 
Jackh, Der Aufsteigende Halbmond: auf dem Weg sum Deutsch-Turk- 
ischen Biindnis (Stuttgart, Deutsche Verlags-Anstalt, 1915, pp. 247) ; 
La Guerre et la Turqaie (Paris, Alcan, 1915) ; G. Domergue, La Guerre 
en Orient, aux Dardanelles, et dans les Balkans (Paris, Perrin, 1915) ; 
and E. Edwards, Journal d'un Habitant de Constantinople, ipi4~ipi$ 
(Paris, Plon, 1915). 

Other books dealing with the Balkan situation are The Politics of the 
Balkan League, by M. Gueshoff, and Eleftherios Venizelos: his Life and 
Work, by Dr. C. Kerofilas (John Murray), translated by Beatrice 
Barstow. 

India and the War, a collection of proclamations, speeches, and ex- 
tracts from the Indian press, contains an introduction by Lord Sydenham 
of Combe (till lately Sir George Sydenham Clarke), on British rule in 
India. The volume, which is published by Messrs. Hodder and Stoughton 
(London), is chiefly distinguished by its illustrations, 32 in number. 

Noteworthy articles in periodicals: G. Wampach, Le Grand-Duche 
de Luxembourg et Vlnvasion Allemande (Revue des Sciences Politiques, 
August) ; E. Bernstein, U Internationale Ouvriere et la Guerre (Revue 
Politique Internationale, May) ; P. Jacobs, Der Englische Handelskrieg 
gegen Deutschland: ein Handelspolitische Studie (Schmollers Jahrbuch, 
XXXIX. 1 ) ; E. von Salzmann, Im Weltkriege von Sildchile zur Front 
(Velhagen und Klasings Monatshefte, July) ; T. Rocholl, Kriegsbriefe 
eines Malers, Neue Folge {ibid., June) ; Lettres d'un Soldat (Revue de 
Paris, August 1, 15) ; J. E. Blanche, Cahiers d'un Artiste, Ipi4~ipi5, I., 
II. (ibid., August 15, September 1) ; P. Nothomb, La Bataille de I'Yser 
(Revue des Deux Mondes, September 15); P. Nothomb, L'Yser, la 
Bataille de l'£te (Revue Hebdomadaire, October 16) ; Aux Dardanelles, 
Fevrier-Mars ipi5, I'Attaque des Detroits, Recit d'un Temoin (Revue 
de Paris, October 15) ; P. P. de Sokolovitch, Le Probleme Italo-Slave 
dans la Guerre Actuelle (Revue Hebdomadaire, October 9). 

GREAT BRITAIN AND IRELAND 

A work of substantial value to historical students is Mr. E. A. Fry's 
Almanacks for Students of English History (London, Phillimore), which, 
in addition to thirty-five almanacs, contains a " Roman and Church Calen- 
dar"; an alphabetical list of saints' days; a list of popes; tables of law 
terms, 1264-1830; and identification of regnal years. 



39 2 Historical News 

From the sixth volume of the Proceedings of the British Academy, 
its publisher, the Oxford University Press, publishes separately a paper 
by Mr. Arthur F. Leach on Some Results of Research in the History 
of Education in England with suggestions for its Continuance and 
Extension, learned and pungently expressed. 

The Bamff Charters, 1232-1703, edited by Sir James Ramsay (Ox- 
ford University Press), proves to be a collection important to Scottish 
history and edited with much insight and knowledge. 

The most recent volume of the Oxford Studies in Social and Legal 
History contains two monographs, A. E. Levett and A. Ballard's " Some 
Effects of the Black Death ", and R. Lennard's " Rural Northampton- 
shire ". 

L. Hennebicq, Genese de V Imperialisme Anglais (Paris, Alcan, 1915) 
is a survey of English foreign and colonial policy from the Spanish war 
of Elizabeth to the time of Disraeli. 

Royalist Father and Roundhead Son, by the Countess of Denbigh 
(London, Methuen), consists of biographies of the first and second 
Earls of Denbigh, 1 600-1 675, accompanied by many interesting letters; 
but the most engaging figure in this admirable book is Susan Villiers, 
Buckingham's sister, wife and widow of the first Earl of Denbigh, and 
mother of the second. 

Mr. John Murray announces Christopher Monck, Duke of Albemarle, 
by Estelle Frances Ward. 

Oxford Historical and Literary Studies is soon to include a volume 
on Keigwin's Rebellion (1682-1684) by Ray and Oliver Strachey. The 
rebellion named was an incident of the early history of the English 
occupation of Bombay. 

The volume on War Medals and their History (London, Stanley 
Paul and Company, 1915, pp. xvii, 407) by W. A. Steward contains 258 
illustrations and relates solely to England. 

Volume III. of A Picture Book of English History, compiled by Mr. 
S. C. Roberts, dealing with the years 1688 to 1910, is now being pre- 
pared for issue at the Cambridge University Press. 

The Life of the Duke of Marlborough by Mr. Edward Thomas 
(Chapman and Hall) is a sympathetic study both of the soldier and of 
the man. 

Mr. Alfred W. Rowden is the author of a volume entitled The 
Primates of the Four Georges, announced by Mr. John Murray. It 
contains the biographies of the archbishops of Canterbury from Wake 
to Manners Sutton. 



Great Britain and Ireland 393 

The Correspondence of Gray, Walpole, West, and Ashton (1734- 
1770), is announced by the Oxford University Press. The volume con- 
tains a considerable number of hitherto unpublished letters. 

A biography of considerable interest is The Life of Thomas Pitt by 
Sir Cornelius Neale Dalton (Cambridge University Press). The study, 
based in part on the Fortescue Papers published by the Historical Manu- 
scripts Commission, presents an excellent picture of Pitt as a figure in 
the history of the period, and also as a man. 

Dr. W. L. Davidson has written for the Home University Library a 
volume on Political Thought in England: the Utilitarians from Bentham 
to J. S. Mill. 

Monsignor Bernard Ward follows up his Catholic history from the 
time of Emancipation by two volumes of The Story of the English 
Catholics down to the Re-establishment of their Hierarchy in 1850 (Long- 
mans, pp. xx, 288; viii, 320) including an outline of the Oxford Move- 
ment and the relation of the more conservative English Catholics to it. 

Somewhat after the manner of Mr. Justin McCarthy's Portraits of 
the Sixties, the Right Hon. G. W. E. Russell writes Portraits of the 
Seventies, the portraits including, among others, Gladstone, Disraeli, 
John Bright, and Lord Salisbury. 

Mr. Gilbert Murray's pamphlet The Foreign Policy of Sir Edward 
Grey, 1006-1915 (Oxford, Clarendon Press, p. 127) is, of course, a 
defense, but has value for the historian as an intelligent survey of an 
important period in English diplomatic history. 

Makers of the Kirk : a History of the Church of Scotland, by T. Rat- 
cliffe Barnett, emphasizes, as its title implies, the lives of those figures 
important to the Scottish church. 

Messrs. Blackwood announce vol. V. of The Archbishops of St. 
Andrews, by John Herkless and Robert Kerr Hannay. 

The F. A. Stokes Company has recently published Wales: her 
Origins, Struggles, and Later History, Institutions and Manners, by Mr. 
Gilbert Stone, with an introduction by Mr. Ellis J. Griffith. The chief 
contribution of the study is in his treatment of prehistoric Wales; the 
last 500 years of Welsh history the author dismisses in one short 
chapter. 

The Library Committee of the Parliament of the Commonwealth of 
Australia, in its important publication of the Historical Records of 
Australia, first series, Governor's Despatches to and from England, has 
reached 1804 in the fourth volume, which has just appeared (Sydney, 
I9I5)- 

British government publications: Calendar of State Papers, Domes- 
tic, January 1, 1679, to August 31, 1680, ed. F. H. Blackburne Daniell; 
Register of the Privy Council of Scotland, third series, vol. VII., 1681- 
1682, ed. P. Hume Brown. 



394 Historical News 

Noteworthy articles in periodicals: A. Keith, The Bronze Age In- 
vaders of Britain (Journal of the Royal Anthropological Institute, Janu- 
ary) ; F. J. Zwierlein, The Delay in the Divorce Trial of Henry VIII. 
and Katherine of Aragon (Ecclesiastical Review, November) ; F. Keut- 
gen, Die Entstehung des Britischen Weltreiches (Weltwirtschaftliches 
Archiv, July) ; C. C. Crawford, Suspension of the Habeas Corpus Act 
and the Revolution of 1680 (English Historical Review, October); C. 
K. Webster, Castlereagh and the Spanish Colonies, II. (ibid.) ; T. H. 
Boggs, The Trend within the British Empire (American Political Sci- 
ence Review, November) ; J. H. Round, Recent Peerage Cases (Quart- 
erly Review, July) ; R. S. Rait, Parliamentary Representation in Scotland, 
V. The Lords of the Articles (Scottish Historical Review, October). 

FRANCE 

R. Koebner is the author of a life of Venantius Fortunatus (Leipzig, 
Teubner, 1915), the sixth-century bishop of Poitiers and Latin poet. 

The Direction des Archives Nationales has published M. Coulon, 
Inventaires des Sceaux des Provinces de France (tome I., Bourgogne, 
Paris, Leroux, 1915) ; and P. Lauer and C. Samaran, Les Diplomes 
Merovingiens des Archives Nationales (ibid.). 

The Recueil des Actes de Louis IV., Roi de France, 936-954 (Paris, 
Klincksieck, 1914, pp. lxxv, 154), edited by P. Lauer, is published by the 
Academie des Inscriptions et Belles-Lettres in the series Chartes et 
Diplomes relatifs a I'Histoire de France. 

F. B. Willett's Craft-Guilds of the Thirteenth Century in Paris, is 
issued as Bulletin no. 17 of the departments of history and political and 
economic science in Queen's University, Kingston. 

Professor A. Gazier has published numerous letters in Jeanne de 
Chantal et Angelique Arnauld d'apres leur Correspondance, 1620-1641: 
Etude Historique et Critique (Paris, Champion, 1915, pp. 204). H. 
Coville has used documents from the Vatican and other archives in his 
Htude sur Masarin et ses Demeles avec le Pape Innocent X., 1644-1648 
(ibid., 1914, pp. vii, 197), in which he exhibits Mazarin's opposition to 
the election of Innocent X. and the resulting situations. W. Heinecker, 
Die Personlichkeit Ludwigs XIV. (Berlin, Ebering, 1915, pp. 119) is a 
mosaic of memoir materials rather than a critical or psychological study. 
G. A. Prevost has edited Notes du Premier President Pellot sur la Nor- 
mandie: Clerge, Gentilshommes, et Terres Principales, Officiers de Jus- 
tice, 1670-1683 (Paris, Picard, 1915, pp. xxxiv, 400). 

Several studies in the diplomatic history of France in the eighteenth 
century are among the recent publications. J. Souchon has edited the 
Correspondance Diplomatique du Comte de Montaigu, Ambassadeur a 
Venise, 1743-1749 (Paris, Plon, 1915, pp. lxx, 605). A. de Curzon has 
given an account of L'Ambassade du Comte des Alleurs a Constantinople 



France 395 

(Paris, Fischbacher, 1914, pp. 68) which lasted from 1747 to 1754. Les 
Rapports de la France et de VEspagne apres le Facte de Famille jusqu'a 
la Fin du Ministere du Due de Choiseul (Paris, Alcan, 1915, pp. xv, 238) 
are described by L. Blart. F. Olmo has written La Rivoluzione Francese 
nelle Relasioni Diplomatiche di un Ministro Piemontese a Roma, 1792- 
1/96 (Rome, Soc. Ed. Dante Alighieri, 1915, pp. 207). 

Materials in the departmental archives have been used by A. Puis in 
the preparation of Les Lettres de Cachet a Toulouse au XVIII e Steele 
(Paris, Champion, 1914, pp. 333). 

A series of valuable lectures delivered before the University of 
Oxford in Michaelmas Term, 1914, by Professor Spenser Wilkinson, 
has now been published by the Oxford University Press under the title 
The French Army before Napoleon. 

Madame de Stael et Monsieur Necker: d 'apres leur Correspondance 
Inedite, by the Comte d'Haussonville (Paris, Revue des Deux Mondes), 
contains a number of interesting letters. 

Nos. 1 and 2 of the Bulletin d'Histoire £conomique de la Revolution 
for 1913, published by the Commission on the Economic Life of the 
Revolution, have lately appeared. No. 1 contains an interesting body of 
documents for the student of industrial history, in the minutes of the 
Bureau de Consultation des Arts et Metiers, 1791-1796, and a contem- 
porary official report on the harvest of 1792. No. 2, beside copious 
minutes of the deliberations of the commission, contains a valuable con- 
tribution on the statistics collected in 1790 by the Comite de Mendicite 
and a variety of briefer articles of interest to the economic history of 
the period. 

The third volume of Notices, Inventaires, et Documents, published by 
the Comite de Travaux Historiques et Scientifiques, Section d'Histoire 
Moderne, is L 'Instruction Primaire en France aux XVIIP et XIX e 
Siecles, Documents d'Histoire Locale (Paris, Rieder, 1914, pp. 210), 
edited by Decap, La Martiniere, and Bideau. 

Letters of Captain Engelbert Lutyens, Orderly Officer at Longwood, 
St. Helena, February, 1820-November, 1823, edited by Sir Lees Knowles, 
is announced by the John Lane Company. 

A series of Documents Inedits pour I'Histoire Contemporaine de la 
Savoie has been initiated with a volume of Extraits des Proces-Verbaux 
de I' Administration du DSpartement du Mont-Blanc sous la Convention, 
Octobre 1793-Fructidor, An III. (Chambery, Imprimerie Nouvelle, 1915, 
pp. 581) ; P. Rambaud has completed the second volume. of U Assistance 
Publique a Poitiers jusqu'a I' An V. (Paris, Champion, 1914, pp. 589) ; 
J. H. Konig has issued a volume on Die Katholischen Korperschaften 
des Unterelsasses vor und wahrend der Grossen Revolution (Strassburg, 
Heitz, 1915). The fourth volume of G.. Fabry, Campagne de I'Armee 



396 Historical News 

d'ltalie, 1796-1707 (Paris, Dorbon, 1914, pp. 266) has appeared, dealing 
with the events from Loano to Montenotte. 

L' Empire Liberal: la Fin (Paris, Gamier, 191 5) was left incomplete 
by the late E. Ollivier and has been published with little attempt to give 
it finished form. Fortunately the chapters on Sedan and the Revolution 
of September 4 are substantially complete. The present war has called 
forth several histories of the war of 1870-1871, of which the Histoire de 
I'Invasion Allemande en 1870-1871 (Paris, Perrin, 1915, pp. xxxvi, 371) 
by General F. Canonge may be mentioned. Dr. J. Figard has published 
a monograph on the Lendemains Financiers d'une Guerre, Leon Say, 
Ministre des Finances apres 1870-1871 (Paris, Alcan, 1915). 

Noteworthy articles in periodicals : J. W. Thompson, The Commerce 
of France in the Ninth Century (Journal of Political Economy, Novem- 
ber) ; V. Carriere, Les Debuts de I'Ordre du Temple en France (Le 
Moyen Age, December, 1914) ; E. Armstrong, The Italian Wars of 
Henry II. (English Historical Review, October) ; A. Aulard, Patrie, 
Patriotisme, au Debut de la Revolution Frangaise, I. (La Revolution 
Franchise, August) ; E. Lintilhac, La Defense Posthume de Vergniaud 
d' apres son Manuscrit {ibid.) ; J. P. Picque [deputy from the Hautes- 
Pyrenees to the Convention], Souvenirs Inedits, I. (Revue Historique de 
la Revolution et de l'Empire, January) ; C. Ballot, Les Banques demis- 
sion sous le Consulat (Revue des Etudes Napoleoniennes, May) ; R. 
Levy, La Disette au Havre en 1812 {ibid., July) ; J. K. Paulding, An 
Interview with Napoleon's Brother (Harper's Monthly, November) ; 
G. Weill, L'Anticlericalisme sous le Second Empire (Revue des fitudes 
Napoleoniennes, July) ; A. Beaunier, L'Historien de l'Empire Liberal 
(Revue des Deux Mondes, September 15) ; E. Eichthal, Apres Douse 
Mois de Guerre, Coup d'Oeil sur la Situation £conomique en France 
(Revue des Sciences Politiques, August 15); X., Troupes Coloniales: 
les Contingents Creoles (Revue de Paris, September 1). 

ITALY, SPAIN, AND PORTUGAL 

P. Egidi has written La Colonia Saracena di Lucera e la sua Distru- 
zione (Naples, Pierro, 1915), and has edited the second volume of Ne- 
crologie e Libri Affini della Provincia Romana (Rome, Tip. del Senato, 
I9I5)- 

Die Ordensregeln des Heiligen Franz von Assisi und die Urspriing- 
liche Verfassung des Minoritenordens (Leipzig, Teubner, 191 5) by 
Kybal; and Saint Clare of Assisi: her Life and Legislation (London, 
Dent, 1 914, pp. 320) by Ernest Smith are recent contributions to Fran- 
ciscan history. 

W. von Hoffmann has compiled two volumes of Forschungen zur 
Geschichte der Kurialen Behbrden vom Schisma bis zur Reformation 
(Rome, Loescher, 1915). 



Italy, Spain, and Portugal 397 

Some phases of the Enlightened Despotism in Italy are shown in H. 
Biichi, Finanzen und Finanspolitik Toskanas im Zeitalter der Aufklar- 
un 9, *7 37-1790, im Rahmen der Wirtschaftspolitik (Berlin, Ebering, 
1915) ; and in U. Benassi, Guglielmo du Tillot, un Ministro Riformatore 
del Secolo XVIII., the first part of which appears in volume XV. of the 
Archivio Storico per le Provincie Parmensi (Parma, 1915, pp. 121). 

The Napoleonic period in Italy has furnished the subjects for the 
following monographs : M. d'Ercole, Un Biennio di Storia Senese, 1790- 
1800 (Siena, Giuntini and Bentivoglio, 1914, pp. 289) ; G. Rizzardo, II 
Patriarcato di Venezia durante il Regno Napoleonico, 1806-1814 (Venice, 
Ferrari, 1914, pp. 119) ; R. Palmarocchi, Le Riforme di Gioacchino 
Murat nel Primo Anno di Regno (Rome, Loescher, 1914, pp. 47) ; and 
Gli Italiani in Germania nel 18 13 (Citta di Castello, Unione Arti 
Grafiche, 1914). 

The Patrizi Memoirs: a Roman Family under Napoleon, 1/96-1813, 
by the Marchesa Maddalena Patrizi, translated by Mrs. Hugh Fraser, is 
made up of letters and diaries, with some connecting and explanatory 
narrative. 

Among recent biographical volumes relating to the period of the 
Risorgimento are L. Messedaglia, La Giovinezza di un Dittatore, Luigi 
Carlo Farini, Medico (Milan, Albrighi, Segati and Company, 1914, pp. 
lxii, 552) ; Passamonti, II Giornalismo Giobertiano in Torino nel 1847- 

1848 (ibid., 1915) ; G. Giusti, Memorie Inedite, 1845-1849 (Milan, 
Treves, 1915, pp. lxiv, 318), edited by F. Martini; N. Fabrizi, Lettere 
Inedite, 1858-1859 (Molfetta, Conte, 1914, pp. 81), edited by V. Azzariti; 
and Castellini, Crispi (Florence, Barbera, 1915). Other monographs 
on the Risorgimento are A. Mauriel, L'Opera della Sicilia per la Ces- 
sazione del Potere Temporale e la Liberazione di Roma e di Venezia all' 
Inizio del Regno d' Italia (Palermo, Priulla, 1914, pp. 400) ; E. Gamerra, 
L'Eloquenza in Toscana fra il 1847 e il 1849 (Rome, Soc. Ed. Dante 
Alighieri, 1914, pp. 209) ; G. Gonni, La Campagna Adriatica del 1848- 

1849 e la Famiglia Mameli (Pistoia, Tip. Cooperativa, 191 5, pp. 108) ; 
and C. Fogli, Comacchio nel Risorgimento Italiano (Prato, Nutini, 1915, 
pp. 170). 

From the irredentist literature called forth by the present struggle of 
Italy with Austria, the following may be cited as among the more im- 
portant volumes : G. Cassi, II Mare Adriatico, sua Funzione attraverso 
i Tempi (Milan, Hoepli, 1915, pp. 532) ; A. Tamaro, L 'Adriatico, Golfo 
d'ltalia; I'ltalianita di Trieste (Milan, Treves, 1915, pp. vii, 252) ; F. 
Caburi, L' Austria e I'ltalia (ibid., 1915, pp. xi, 166) ; P. Rohrer, Als 
Venedig noch Oesterreichisch War (Stuttgart, 1914) ; V. Gayda, L' Ita- 
lia d'oltre Confine, le Provincie Italiane d 'Austria (Turin, Bocca, 1914, 
pp. xix, 490) ; G. Prezzolini, La Dalmazia (Florence, Voce, 1915, pp. 74) ; 
G. Silvestri, Terre Irredente (Mantua, Mondovi, 1915, pp. viii, 141); 



398 Historical News 

and T. Sillani, Lembi di Patria (Milan, Alfieri and Lacroix, 191 5, pp. 
185). 

Professor Charles Diehl has written an excellent survey of the polit- 
ical and economic history of Venice, Une Republique Patricienne, Venise 
(Paris, Flammarion, 1915, pp. viii, 316), which is very timely for its 
exposition of the Italian activities in the Adriatic and the Levant in the 
Middle Ages. V. Bellemo has written a volume on Questioni di Storia 
Veneziana (Venice, Istituto Veneto di Arti Grafiche, 1914, pp. 254) ; and 
B. Zanazzo, on L'Arte della Lana in Vicenza (Venice, 1914). G. Monti- 
colo and E. Besta have edited the third volume of I Capitolari delle Arti 
Veneziane sottoposte alia Giustizia e poi alia Giustizia Vecchia, dalle 
Origini al 1330 (Rome, Tip. del Senato, 191 5) ; and L. Simeoni, Gli 
Antichi Statuti delle Arti Veronesi secondo la Revisione Scaligera del 
1310 (Venice, Tip. Emiliana, 1915). 

The bicentenary of the coronation of Victor Amadeus II. as king of 
Sicily has been marked by the publication of a half-dozen monographs 
on his career under the auspices of the city of Turin, which are reviewed 
by L. Usseglio in the Rivista Storica Italiana, October, 191 5, pp. 432-442. 

T. Rossi and F. Gabotto treat the period prior to 1280 in the first 
volume of their Storia di Torino (Turin, Baravalle and Falconieri, 1914, 
pp. viii, 410) ; and F. Cognasso has edited a volume of Documenti Inediti 
e Sparsi sulla Storia di Torino (ibid., 1914, pp. viii, 405). 

M. Volpe has written a centenary work on / Gesuiti nel Napoletano 
dopo il 1815 (Naples, D'Auria, 1914-1915, 2 vols., pp. xviii, 305; xv, 
417), and A. Leanza, on / Gesuiti in Sicilia nel Secolo XIX. (Palermo, 
Lugaro, 1914, pp. 324). 

The ministry of the colonies has published a Bibliografia della Libia 
compiled by U. Ceccherini of the National Library at Turin, in continu- 
ation of the work of Minutilli, published in 1903. 

The Library of Congress has issued, and the Superintendent of Doc- 
uments at Washington can supply, a Guide to the Law and Legal Liter- 
ature of Spain, by Thomas W. Palmer, jr. (pp. 174). 

In 1912 Senhor Joaquim Bensaude published an important work, en- 
titled L'Astronqmie Nautique au Portugal a fBpoque des Grandes De- 
couvertes (Bern, Max Drechsel), in which he produced much evidence 
to show that Portugal was the pioneer in modern nautical astronomy, as 
well as in maritime enterprise, and refuted the assertion that the Ephe- 
merides of Regiomontanus played any important part in solving the 
nautical problems of the Portuguese. Now, at the expense of the Portu- 
guese government, he is bringing out a Collection de Documents (Mu- 
nich, Kuhn; Bern, Drechsel) in seven volumes, of which six are repro- 
ductions in facsimile of early Portuguese works dealing with nautical 
astronomy. Several of the volumes have already been issued. The 



Germany, Austria, and Switzerland 399 

titles are as follows: Regimento do Estrolabio: Tratado da Spera, from 
a unique and early copy at Munich; Tratado da Spera: Regimento do 
Astrolabio, Evora copy; Almanack Perpetuum, by Abraham Zacuto; 
Tratado del Esphera y del Arte del Mar ear: con el Regimiento de las 
Alturas, by Francisco Faleiro; Reportorio dos Tempos, by Valentim 
Fernandes. The seventh volume will contain the introductions to vol- 
umes 2 to 6, and will constitute the second volume of Senhor Bensaude's 
above-mentioned work on Portuguese nautical astronomy. 

B. Romano has written a history of L'Expulsione dei Gesuiti dal 
Portogallo, con Documenti dell' Archivio Vaticano (Citta di Castello, 
Lapi, 191 5). 

Noteworthy articles in periodicals: Eduard Meyer, Italien und die 
Entstehung der Italischen Nation im Altertum (Siiddeutsche Monats- 
hefte, June) ; R. Davidsohn, Vom Mittelalter su Unseren Tagen (ibid.) ; 
P. Fedele, La Coscienza della Nasionalita in Italia nel Medio Evo 
(Nuova Antologia, October 16) ; C. Arno, L'Idea della Guerra contro 
Toscana e Roma accolta e voluta dal Gioberti (ibid., August 1) ; H. N. 
Gay, Difficolta, Glorie, ed Errori della Campagna del 1848, da Lettere 
Inedite del Generale Fransini (ibid., September 1) ; C. Pellegrini, Edgar 
Quinet e Vltalia (ibid., August 16) ; " Un Bresciano ", L'Intervento e le 
Pressioni dell 'Austria nella Crisi Ministeriale del 1893 (ibid., October 
16) ; J. Bainville, Le Mois Historique de Vltalie, Mai 1015 (Revue des 
Deux Mondes, October 1 ) ; G. Desdevises du Dezert, Saint Ignace de 
Loyola (Revue Hispanique, June) ; L. Sanchez Costa, La Peninsula a 
Principios del Siglo XVII. [description, city by city] (ibid., August). 

GERMANY, AUSTRIA, AND SWITZERLAND 

Chapters in the history of the Church in medieval Germany are nar- 
rated in Sellin, Burchard II., Bischof von Halberstadt, 1060-1088 
(Munich, Duncker and Humblot, 1915) ; B. Wosasek, Der Heilige Nor- 
bert, Stifter des Pramonstratenser-Ordens und Ersbischof von Magde- 
burg (Vienna, Eichinger, 1914, pp. 318) ; and F. M. Steele, The Life and 
Visions of St. Hildegarde (London, Heath, Cranton, 1914, pp. 260). 

Dr. M. Schwann has published three volumes on Ludolf Camphausen 
(Essen, Baedeker, 1915) in the Veroffentlichungen des Archivs fur 
Rheinisch-W estfalische Wirtschaftsgeschichte, setting forth his services 
in the development of Rhenish Prussia. 

Of the ten-volume edition of the Works of Martin Luther being pub- 
lished by the A. J. Holman Company (Philadelphia), vol. II. has now 
been issued. 

The Baden Historical Commission has issued a sixth volume, con- 
taining supplementary materials, of the Politische Correspondens Karl 
Friedrichs von Baden, 1783-1806, ed. K. Obser (Heidelberg, Winter, 
1915, pp. vi, 379). 



4-00 Historical News 

B. Ihringer has edited the Red en gegen Napoleon (Munich, Miiller, 
1915) of Gorres. 

J. Bachem has published a small volume Zur Jahrhundertfeier der 
Vereinigung der Rheinlande mit Preussen (Cologne, Bachem, 1915). 
The centenary of the Grand Duchy of Saxe-Weimar-Eisenach is com- 
memorated by H. Freiherr von Egloffstein, Carl August auf dem Wiener 
Kongress (Jena, Fischer, 1915, pp. x, 199). 

G. Gaillard, Culture et Kultur (Paris, Reinwald and Schleicher, 1915, 
pp. 101) contains five studies of German leaders of thought. C. Andler 
has published, with interesting comments, texts from Dietrich von 
Biilow, Arndt, List, Jahn, Moltke, Bismarck, Treitschke, and others in 
Les Origines du Pangermanisme, 1800-1888 (Paris, Conard, 1915) ; J. de 
Dampierre has collected much similar material in L'Allemagne et le 
Droit des Gens d'apres les Sources Allemandes et les Archives du 
Gouvernement Frangais (Paris, Berger-Levrault, 1915). Professor M. 
Millioud of Lausanne is the author of La Caste Dominante Allemande, sa 
Formation, son Role (Paris, Tenin, 1915). 

The career and influence of List have been studied recently in K. 
Goeser, Der Junge Friedrich List: ein Schwabischer Politiker (Stutt- 
gart, Deutsche Verlags-Anstalt, 191 5, pp. ix, 134) ; F. Borckenhagen, 
National- und Handelspolitische Bestrebungen in Deutschland, 1815- 
182J, und die Anfdnge Friedrich Lists (Berlin, Rothschild, 1915) ; and 
K. Kumpmann, Friedrich List als Prophet des Neuen Deutschland (Tu- 
bingen, Mohr, 1915). 

Vor 50 Jahren: Briefwechsel zwischen Dr. Karl Lorentzen und den 
Fuhrem der August enburgischen Partei, 1863-1866 (Leipzig, Haessel, 
1915) has been edited by Kupke. E. Sieper has edited the Lebenserin- 
nerungen (Berlin, Reimer, 1914, pp. vi, 420) of Hermann Hueffer, 
which are interesting for his service in the Prussian Landtag in the 
sixties, for the war of 1870-1871, and for the Old Catholic movement. 
H. Hofmann has issued the third volume completing Fiirst Bismarck, 
1890-1808 (Stuttgart, Union, 1915). The Soul of Germany: a Twelve 
Years' Study of the People from Within, 1002-1014 (London, Hutchin- 
son, 1915, pp. xv, 352), is by Thomas F. A. Smith, who was a lecturer in 
the University of Erlangen. 

Two additional volumes dealing with the life and character of the 
German emperor are The Public and Private Life of Kaiser Wilhelm II. 
(London, Eveleigh Nash), and The Psychology of the Kaiser by Dr. 
Morton Prince (T. Fisher Unwin). 

In the Fontes Rerum Transylvanicarum, A. Veress has edited the first 
volume of Acta et Epistolae Relationum Transylvaniae Hungariaeque 
cum Moldavia et Valachia (Vienna, Holder, 191 5). which covers the 
years 1 468-1 540. 



Netherlands and Belgium 40 1 

The vexed questions of the economic relations within the Dual Mon- 
archy have received exhaustive treatment in Zolltrennung und Zollein- 
heit: die Geschichte der Oesterreichisch-Ungarischen Zwischen-Z oll- 
Llnie (Vienna, Manz, 1915, pp. 415), by Dr. Rudolf Sieghart. 

Noteworthy articles in periodicals: K. Hampe, Die P falser Lande in 
der Stauferzeit (Historische Zeitschrift, CXV. 1); A. E. Harvey, Eco- 
nomic Self-interest in the German Anti-Clericalism of the Fifteenth and 
Sixteenth Centuries (Am. Journal of Theology, October) ; W. Sohm, Die 
Soziallehren Melanchthons (Historische Zeitschrift, CXV. 1) ; E. Muse- 
beck, Die Deutsche Burschenschaft : ein Gedenkblatt su ihrem Hundert- 
sten Griindungstag (Suddeutsche Monatshefte, June); H. von Langer- 
mann, Die Anfange der Deutschen Flotte im Jahre 1848 (Deutsche 
Rundschau, August) ; Erich Marcks, Bismarck und der Deutsche Geist 
(Velhagen und Klasings Monatshefte, July) ; E. Daudet, Les Dernieres 
Annees de la Dictature de Bismarck, Notes et Souvenirs, 1887-1890 
(Revue des Deux Mondes, September 1, October 15) ; R. Pichon, Momm- 
sen et la Mentalite Allemande (ibid., October 15) ; J. Bourdeau, Les 
Socialistes Allemands, I' Internationale, et la Guerre (ibid., October 1 ) ; 
F. Farjenel, Les Allemands en Extreme-Orient (Revue de Paris, October 
15) ; W. Fraknoi, Konig Matthias Corvinus und der Deutsche Kaiser- 
thron (Ungarische Rundschau, IV. 1) ; F. Bac, Quelques Souvenirs sur 
Francois-] oseph (Revue de Paris, September 1) ; G. d'Acandia, La Domi- 
nazione Austriaca in Polonia e il Dissidio Polacco-Ruteno (Nuova Anto- 
logia, October 16). 

NETHERLANDS AND BELGIUM 

The Dutch archive service has reprinted the Verslagen omtrent 's 
Rijks Oude Archieven for 1865-1877. Dr. Heeringa has finished the 
manuscript of the Resolutions of the States of Zeeland, vol. I., 1574- 
1578. No. XXXVII. of the Verslagen, that for 1914, lately issued in 
two volumes (pp. 561, 512) contains a calendar, filling 200 pages, of docu- 
ments from the archives of the abbey of St. Agatha at Kuik, 1367-1691; 
an inventory of the papers, recently acquired, of J. G. Verstolk van 
Soelen, minister of foreign affairs from 1825 to 1841 ; and an inventory 
of the documents of the minters of Dordrecht, 1291-1806, with a calendar 
of the earlier pieces. The progress of Dr. Colenbrander's Gedenkstukken 
for the period 1816-1840 has been held back by detention of the materials 
gathered by him in the archives of Petrograd. Vol. IV. of Huygens's 
correspondence is in the pres§, as also vol. I. (1576 and 1577) of the 
Resolution der Staten-Generaal. 

An additional installment of the catalogue of sources for the military 
history of the Netherlands has been issued by General F. de Bas, director 
of the archives of the Dutch War Office. 

In the Nederlandsch Archief voor Kerkgeschiedenis, n. s., XII. 2, Dr. 
A. Eekhof presents an account of the pastorate of Domine Henricus 

AM. HIST. REV., VOL. XXI. — 26. 



4-02 Historical News 

Selyns at Waverveen in Utrecht, 1666-1682, during the interval between 
his two periods of pastoral service in New Netherland, together with an 
account of the ecclesiastical history of the parish, drawn from materials 
compiled by Selyns. The number also contains a score of miscellaneous 
documents relating to Gisbert Voetius. 

The extent to which American political institutions are modelled on 
those of the Dutch is the theme of Holland-' an Historical Essay by H. 
A. van C. Torchiana (San Francisco, Paul Elder). 

Dr. A. Kalshoven's De Diplomatieke Verhouding tusschen Engeland 
en de Republiek der Vereen. Nederlanden, 1747-1756 (Hague, Nijhoff, 
1 91 5, pp. x, 268) traces the transition of Dutch diplomacy under Ben- 
tinck, from zeal for common action with England in accord with New- 
castle's plan of alliance, through various turns of party fortunes in both 
countries, to the position of neutrality in which the Republic decided to 
remain during the approaching war of England and Prussia against 
France and Austria. 

Professor Paul Delannoy, the librarian of the University of Louvain, 
delivered a series of lectures at the College of France in February last 
which have been published under the title L'Universite de Louvain 
(Paris, Picard, 1915, pp. xx, 230). The glorious early days of the uni- 
versity are depicted as well as the recent misfortune which has over- 
whelmed it. 

Noteworthy articles in periodicals : F. Cumont, Comment la Belgique 
fut Romanisee (Societe Royale d'Archeologie de Bruxelles, XXVIII.; 
see also Camille Jullian in Journal des Savants, August). 

NORTHERN AND EASTERN EUROPE 

A. Ridderstad, Ostergotlands Historia fr&n Aldsta indtill Nuvarande 
Tid (Stockholm, Norstedt, 1914, pp. ix, 607), and H. Schott, Ostergot- 
lands Lans Hushallningssallskaps Historia (Linkoping, Sahlstrom, 1914, 
pp. xvi, 522) are two thorough studies in Swedish local history. 

L. Finkel, H. Sawczynski, and E. T. Modelski have issued the section 
of their Bibliografia Historyi Polskiej for the years 1901 to 1910 (Cra- 
cow, Gebethner, 1914, pp. 174). Among recent volumes on Poland are 
Ninian Hill, Poland and the Polish Question: Impressions and After- 
thoughts (London, Allen and Unwin, 1915, pp. 340) ; G. Kurnatowski, 
La Pologne Contemporaine (Paris, Riviere, 1914) ; J. de Lipkowski, La 
Question Polonaise et les Slaves de I' Europe Centrale (Paris, " Polonia ", 
I 9 I 5> PP- I0 4), which contains articles and documents relating to the 
present war; and Lord Eversley's The Partitions of Poland (New York, 
Dodd, pp. 328). 

Poland, by Professor W. Alison Phillips, is one of the recent numbers 
of the Home University Library. 



The Far East and India 403 

A new work on the Origine ed Evoluzione Storica delle Nazioni 
Balcaniche (Milan, Hoepli, 1915) is by Pernice. An anonymous volume 
on The Near East from Within (New York, Cassell, 1915, pp. viii, 256) 
is by a careful observer of persons and policies of recent years. 

Noteworthy articles in periodicals: R. Hennig, Zur Verkehrsge- 
schichte Ost- und Nordeuropas im 8. bis 12. Jahrhundert (Historische 
Zeitschrift, CXV. 1 ) ; M. Remusat, Christine de Suede, Pretendante au 
Trone de Pologne (Revue de Paris, October 15) ; G. H. Holmberg, Die 
Entwicklungsgeschichte der Arbeiterbewegung in Schweden (Archiv fur 
die Geschichte des Sozialismus und der Arbeiterbewegung, VI. 1) ; M. 
Hoschiller, La Russie sur le Chemin de Bysance (Revue de Paris, Au- 
gust 1, 16) ; T. Schiemann, Die Geschichte der Ostseeprovinsen (Siid- 
deutsche Monatshefte, July) ; C. Diehl, line Vie de Saint (Stienne d'Aux- 
ence) de I'Upoque des Empereurs Iconoclastes (Comptes Rendus de 
l'Academie des Inscriptions et Belles-Lettres, March) ; A. Sorbelli, La 
Battaglia del Bosforo, Febbraio 1352 (Nuova Antologia, August 1) ; P. 
H. Mischef, La Question des Detroits et la Russie d'apres un Document 
Bulgare (Revue Politique Internationale, May) ; A. Schopoff, Les Stats 
Balkaniques et le Principe Confederatif (Revue Hebdomadaire, Au- 
gust 21). 

THE FAB EAST AND INDIA 

Mr. Andrew McFarland Davis has continued his studies on paper 
money by a small volume entitled Certain Old Chinese Notes (Boston, 
Goodspeed, pp. 63). 

Volume II. of the Quest and Occupation of Tahiti by Emissaries of 
Spain in 1772-1776 has been translated and annotated by B. G. Corney 
and is published by the Hakluyt Society. 

In an interesting little book based on family chronicles, Shivaji the 
Maratha: his Life and Times (Oxford, Clarendon Press, 1915, pp. 125), 
Professor H. G. Rawlinson of Poona recounts the marvellous career of 
the hero (1627-1680) who founded the Mahratta state. 

Colonel L. W. Shakspear has issued a History of Upper Assam, 
Upper Burmah, and the Northeastern Frontier (London, Macmillan, 
1914). 

Noteworthy articles in periodicals: P. Pelliot, Chretiens d'Asie Cen- 
trale et d' Extreme-Orient (T'Oung Pao, December, 1914) ; W. W. 
Rockhill, Notes on the Relations and Trade of China with the Eastern 
Archipelago and the Coast of the Indian Ocean during the Fourteenth 
Century, II. {ibid., March). 



404 Historical News 

AMEBICA 

GENERAL ITEMS 

The Department of Historical Research in the Carnegie Institution 
of Washington held in its office, in the latter part of November, a series 
of conferences on the problems connected with the cartographic repre- 
sentation of the disputes and settlements of boundary lines between the 
United States and its neighbors, especially Canada. Those participating, 
besides the director and Dr. Paullin, were Dr. Otto Tittmann, formerly 
superintendent of the Coast and Geodetic Survey, Mr. J. E. McGrath 
of the present staff of that survey, Mr. James White of Ottawa, for- 
merly geographer to the government of the Dominion of Canada, and 
Professor Jesse S. Reeves of the University of Michigan. Professor 
Faust's Guide to the Materials for American History in Swiss and 
Austrian Archives is in page-proof. Professor R. R. Hill's Descrip- 
tive List of Papers relating to the History of the United States in the 
Archives of the Indies, Papeles de Cuba, is in the printer's hands. Miss 
Donnan has begun the compilation of a volume of original materials 
illustrating the early history of the slave-trade. The Department has 
finished for the present its work of photography in the Papeles de Cuba 
at Seville, and now holds, for sale at cost price, ten sets of photographs 
of the regular series of despatches from the Spanish governors of 
Louisiana to the captain-general of Cuba, from the beginning in 1768 to 
the end of the year 1791 and the arrival of Carondelet — some 2400 pages 
in all. 

The Superintendent of Documents has printed a new edition of his 
list of government publications in American history and biography for 
sale at his office {Price List 50, 5th edition, 48 pp.). Copies may be had 
gratis. 

Among the recent accessions of the manuscripts division of the Li- 
brary of Congress are : minutes of proceedings of the commissioners of 
Georgetown, 1 751-1789; record of by-laws and ordinances of George- 
town, 1791-1816; minutes of the levy court of Georgetown, 1836-1867; 
book of accounts of American officers, prisoners of the British, 1777- 
1778; the diary (in German) of Captain Friedrich Wilhelm von der 
Malsburg, of the Regiment Dittfurth, in America, 1776; General Beau- 
regard's note-book of the Mexican campaign, January to September, 
1847; George Y. Bradley's diary of the first Powell expedition through 
the Grand Canon of the Colorado, 1869; Charles Lever's journal of the 
voyage on the U. S. S. Release to rescue Dr. Kane, 1855 ; a body of 
papers of William L. Marcy; and sundry photographic reproductions of 
Mexican and Central American documents pertaining to the native 
languages and dialects. 

In the Proceedings of the American Antiquarian Society for April, 
1915, Mr. Howard M. Chapin presents a check-list of Rhode Island 



America : General 405 

almanacs; Dr. Charles L. Nichols a paper on Justus Fox (1736-1805), 
German printer in Philadelphia; Dr. Bernard C. Steiner an elaborate 
article on Connecticut's ratification of the Federal Constitution; and 
Mr. Clarence S. Brigham the third part (Maryland to Massachusetts, 
Boston) of his bibliography of American newspapers from 1690 to 
1820. The society in a recent Bulletin announces an extraordinary in- 
crease in its newspaper collection, amounting for the past year to 492 
bound volumes and 45,528 unbound issues. These include long files of 
Rhode Island newspapers and an unrivalled collection of Bolivian news- 
papers, 33,685 in number. 

After a suspension of several years The Genealogical Magazine will 
again be published (26 Broad Street, Boston, Massachusetts), under the 
editorial charge of Mr. Eben Putnam, assisted by Messrs. John E. 
Bowman, G. Andrews Moriarty, Charles S. Remington, and Stephen P. 
Sharpies. Excerpts and abstracts from original records, brief pedi- 
grees of American, chiefly New England, families, and similar articles 
will make up the contents. Especial attention will be given to English 
sources likely to disclose the origin of American families; and some 
space will be devoted to notes and queries. The number just issued, 
designated as " New Series, Vol. III., Number 1 ", or " Whole Number 
127", contains papers on the seal of the Prerogative Court of New 
England, 1689, on the merchant John Williams of Newport and his 
family, on the records of Melford, England, Morristown, Vermont, and 
Lyme, New Hampshire, and material relating to several families. 

The Thirtieth Annual Report of the Bureau of American Ethnology 
(PP- 453) contains two extensive papers, one by Mrs. Matilda Coxe 
Stevenson on the ethnobotany of the Zuiii Indians and one by Mr. 
Walter E. Roth on animism and folk-lore among the Indians of Guiana. 

The Boletin del Centro de Estudios Americanistas de Sevilla, III. 
12 and 13, contains continuations of Sefior Serrano y Sanz's valuable 
article on Spain and the Cherokees and Choctaws in the second half of 
the eighteenth century, and the latter number has also a paper by Miss 
Irene A. Wright on the materials in the Archives of the Indies for the 
history of Cuba from 1508 to 1538. 

The September Bulletin of the New York Public Library contains 
an extensive bibliography (72 pp.) of political parties in the United 
States. The Bulletin for November begins the printing, from the orig- 
inal manuscript in the Library, of the journal of Berlin and the Prussian 
court in 1798 kept by Thomas Boylston Adams while secretary of the 
United States legation at Berlin when his brother, John Quincy Adams, 
was minister to Prussia. The picture of conditions and events is dis- 
tinctly interesting. 

The most extended paper in the Historical Records and Studies, vol. 
VIII. (June, 1915), of the United States Catholic Historical Society is 



406 Historical News 

the Sulpicians in the United States, by Dr. Charles G. Herbermann. Of 
especial interest is a paper concerning Dr. John McLoughlin, by Rev. T. 
J. Campbell, S. J. The volume also includes translations of two letters 
of Father Adam Gilg, missionary in Mexico in the latter part of the 
seventeenth century. The letters are dated October 8, 1687, and 
February, 1692. 

Of the Index of Economic Material in the Documents of the States 
of the United States, compiled by Miss Adelaide R. Hasse for the De- 
partment of Economics and Sociology of the Carnegie Institution, the 
volume for New Jersey, 1789-1904, has been issued. 

Messrs. Little, Brown, and Company have recently brought out a 
volume by Professor Albert Bushnell Hart entitled The Monroe Doc- 
trine: an Interpretation. 

Professor Raymond G. Taylor of the Kansas State Agricultural Col- 
lege has brought out, primarily for use in that institution, Outlines of 
American Industrial History (pp. 89). These Outlines have been con- 
structed with a broad view, relating the industrial to the whole history 
of the American people. Lists of references accompany the several 
chapters. 

Professors Homer C. Hockett and Arthur M. Schlesinger of the Ohio 
State University have brought out A Syllabus of United States History 
(pp. 119), based on Bassett's Short History of the United States. A clas- 
sified list of references to other texts and readings accompanies each 
topical section. 

The Neale Publishing Company has issued The Political History of 
Slavery in the United States, by James Z. George, with a foreword and 
a sketch of the author's life by W. H. Leavell, and with a preface by 
Professor John Bassett Moore. The work is in two books, the first of 
which gives title to the volume; the second book deals with the legis- 
lative history of Reconstruction. 

The Macmillan Company have added to their series of True Stories 
of Great Americans the following volumes: William Penn, by R. S. 
Holland, Benjamin Franklin, by E. L. Dudley, Davy Crockett, by W. C. 
Sprague, Christopher Columbus, by Mildred Stapley, and Thomas A. 
Edison, by Francis Rolt-Wheeler. 

In a new edition of his work, The Story of the American Merchant 
Marine, Mr. John R. Spears has added an introduction of about twenty 
pages reviewing the events of 1914-1915 in their bearing on merchant 
shipping (Macmillan). 

The Macmillan Company has recently brought out a revised and re- 
written edition of A History of Currency in the United States, by A. 
Barton Hepburn, based on his The Contest for Sound Money (1903). 



America 407 

ITEMS ARRANGED IN CHRONOLOGICAL ORDER 

The Spirit of the American Revolution as revealed in the Poetry of 
the Period: a Study of American Patriotic Verse from 1/60 to 178s, by S. 
W. Patterson, will probably interest students of American history quite 
as much as students of American literature (Boston, Badger). 

Mr. Julius F. Sachse, librarian of the Masonic Temple in Philadel- 
phia, has ready for publication The Masonic Correspondence of George 
Washington (Lancaster, New Era Press, pp. 144), being his correspond- 
ence with the Masonic authorities in various states. 

In volume X. of this journal, pp. 816-817, an interesting letter of 
John Marshall, dated December 12, 1783, was published, from an original 
in the possession of the Wisconsin State Historical Society. The letter, 
which bears no evidence as to the place where it was written, or as to 
the person to whom it was addressed, was stated in the Revieiv to be a 
letter of Marshall to Thomas Jefferson and, in square brackets, was indi- 
cated to have been written from Williamsburg, Virginia. Hon. Albert 
J. Beveridge, who is now at work upon a life of Chief Justice Marshall, 
has brought to our attention facts which prove with certainty that the 
letter was addressed, not to Jefferson but to James Monroe, and was 
written at Richmond, not at Williamsburg. 

In The Political Science of John Adams (Putnam) C. M. Walsh has 
essayed a critical study of the political philosophy of Adams as set forth 
in his formal writings, and in his correspondence. 

Professor Charles A. Beard has brought out a second volume of his 
work An Economic Interpretation of American History. The volume is 
entitled Economic Origins of Jeffersonian Democracy (Macmillan). 

Volume VI. of The Writings of John Quincy Adams, edited by Dr. 
Worthington C. Ford, has come from the press (MacmiUan). 

Lincoln and Episodes of the Civil War, recently published by Putnam, 
is by W. E. Doster, who was provost-marshal of Washington in 1862- 
1863 and was one of the lawyers for the defense in the conspiracy trials 
of 1865. 

The Constitutional Doctrines of Justice Harlan {Johns Hopkins Uni- 
versity Studies in Historical and Political Science, series XXXIII. , no. 
4, pp. 208), by Floyd B. Clark, Ph.D., besides being a study of the ju- 
dicial opinions of a single member of the Supreme Court, is in fact a 
study of dissenting opinions, for it is largely in his dissenting opinions 
that the constitutional doctrines of a justice can be traced. This survey 
of the court's decisions, through a period of more than thirty years, 
from the angle of dissent is at once interesting and useful. An intro- 
duction gives a sketch of Justice Harlan's career. 

The Life and Letters of John Hay, by William R. Thayer, has now 
been issued in book form, in two volumes (Houghton Mifflin). 



408 Historical News 

A volume of no small historical and political interest as well as re- 
ligious, educational, journalistic, etc., is the Reminiscences of Lyman 
Abbott just issued by the Houghton Mifflin Company. 

The Life of Clara Barton, by Rev. P. H. Epler, tells the story of Miss 
Barton's early life as well as of her career as a nurse in the Civil War, 
the Franco-Prussian War, and the Spanish-American War. It is under- 
stood that the author has had the co-operation of friends and relatives 
of Miss Barton and has had access to unpublished letters and diaries and 
official documents (Macmillan). 

LOCAL ITEMS ARRANGED IN GEOGRAPHICAL ORDER 

Vol. V., no. 3, of the Maine Catholic Historical Magazine contains an 
article on the life of Cardinal Cheverus and one relating to the career 
of Father Rale, both of which are continued in nos. 4 and 5. 

A History of Brookline, New Hampshire, by E. E. Parker, has been 
brought out by the Historical Committee of Brookline. 

The October serial of the Massachusetts Historical Society contains 
a memoir of Dr. William Everett, by Dr. James Schouler, written with 
insight and discrimination ; a group of letters of John Smibert and his 
associates; and a striking letter, 1815, of Madame Elizabeth Patterson 
Bonaparte. 

Mr. James H. Stark's Antique Views of Ye Towne of Boston (first 
published in 1882) is now brought out in a new edition with much addi- 
tional material. It now embraces reproductions of more than 170 old 
prints (Boston, George H. Ellis Co.). 

In Chauncey E. Peck's The History of Wilbraham, Massachusetts, 
the historical account published in 1863 is brought down to date (Wil- 
braham, the town). The work was prepared in connection with the 
celebration, June 15, 1913, of the one hundred and fiftieth anniversary of 
the incorporation of the town. 

The News Sheet of the Rhode Island Historical Society for July- 
October, 191 5, contains an important and interesting note on the car- 
tography of Rhode Island. 

Mr. Thomas W. Bicknell of Providence has published The Story of 
Dr. John Clarke of Newport, in which he essays to prove the primacy of 
the colony of Rhode Island (Aquidneck) in the founding of democracy 
and soul liberty. 

Under the editorial conduct of Professors John S. Bassett and Sidney 
B. Fay, a new series, Smith College Studies in History, is inaugurated. 
The issues are to be brought out quarterly. The first is An Introduction 
to the History of Connecticut as a Manufacturing State, by Grace Pier- 
pont Fuller, a clear and intelligent account, relating chiefly to the trans- 
itional period 1815-1845. 



America 409 

The New York State Historical Association has now issued its volume 
of Proceedings of the fifteenth annual meeting, held at Oswego Sep- 
tember 29 to October 2, 1913. Naturally many of the papers and ad- 
dresses presented at the meeting concerned Oswego and its regional his- 
tory. Among these are : Sir William Johnson and Pontiac, by James T. 
Clark; the Defenses of Oswego, by Major W. H. Bertsch; the Fur- 
Traders of Early Oswego, by F. W. Barnes; the Capture of Oswego in 
J 756, by W. L. Grant; Montcalm's Victory and its Lessons, by Hon. 
Franklin D. Roosevelt; Lake Ontario in History, by Professor H. W. 
Elson; the Old Trail from the Mohawk to Oswego, by A. W. Skinner; 
and Wolfe Island, Past and Present, by R. M. Spankie. An historical 
address on Oswego delivered by G. T. Clark in 1896 is also included in 
the volume. Another group of papers concerns the Loyalists. These 
are: the Loyalist Migration Overland, by W. S. Wallace; Two Typical 
United Empire Loyalists and Founders of Canada (Richard Cartwright 
and Col. Joel Stone), by Miss Agnes M.. Machar; and the Bay of 
Quinte Settlements, by C. M. Warner. Professor Moses Coit Tyler's 
paper, the Party of the Loyalists in the American Revolution, is re- 
printed from the first volume of this journal. Two other papers re- 
quire mention: the Cornbury Legend, by Professor C. W. Spencer, an 
investigation of the character and administration of Lord Cornbury, 
governor of New York and New Jersey, 1 702-1 708; and How the State 
and the Historical Association may be of Mutual Assistance, by James 
A. Holden, state historian. 

The October number of the New York Genealogical and Biographical 
Record contains a brief article by G. A. Morrison, jr., concerning the 
commissary service in the Revolution, embodying a number of documents 
from the Hughes Manuscripts and the Gates Papers in possession of the 
New York Historical Society. 

The Story of Old Fort Plain and the Middle Mohawk Valley, by 
Nelson Greene, has been brought out in Fort Plain, New York, by 
O'Connor Brothers. 

George P. Humphrey, of Rochester, N. Y., has brought out a reprint 
(from the Portfolio, July to October, 1810) of A Ride to Niagara in 
1800, by T. C, an account of a journey on horseback from Williamsport, 
Pennsylvania, to Niagara Falls and return. 

Recent accessions to the manuscript collections of the Historical So- 
ciety of Pennsylvania are : seventy-one letters and documents added to 
the Greer collection, and 146 to the General A. A. Humphreys collection. 

The Maryland Historical Magazine for September contains a paper 
by H. F. Covington on the Discovery of Maryland, or Verrazano's Visit 
to the Eastern Shore; a continuation of the extracts from the Carroll 
Papers (pp. 40) ; and a journal kept by Uria Brown of a journey (1816) 
from Baltimore to Pennsylvania, Virginia, Ohio, and through part of 
Maryland. 



4 1 o Historical News 

Volume 18 of the Records of the Columbia Historical Society (Wash- 
ington, D. G, 1915, pp. 280) contains an account by Dr. William Tindall 
of Booth's escape from Washington after the assassination of Lincoln, 
his subsequent wanderings, and final capture ; by the same writer, a 
sketch of Mayor Sayles J. Bowen; a summary of information respecting 
the title-deeds of the city of Washington, by Mr. H. C. Gauss; an ad- 
dress by Hon. W. P. Borland on the relation of the District of Columbia 
to the general government; an account of Old Homes of Georgetown 
Heights, by Mr. William A. Gordon; a valuable paper on Aspects of 
the Cabinet Meeting, by Dr. Henry B. Learned; an account of Dr. and 
Mrs. William Thornton, by Mr. Allen C. Clark, with the text of many 
letters; and a history of the Old Glass-House, by Mr. Robert H. Hark- 
ness, illustrated. 

The history of the designing and erection of the Virginia State 
Capitol is related by Professor Fiske Kimball of the University of 
Michigan in Thomas Jefferson and the First Monument of the Classical 
Revival in America, a brochure of forty-eight pages, prepared with 
scholarly care and excellently illustrated. With the aid of Jefferson's 
correspondence with the Virginia commissioners of public buildings, now 
in the Library of Congress, of his accounts, now in the Virginia State 
Library, and of the original studies for the Capitol, preserved among 
the papers of the late T. Jefferson Coolidge, jr., Mr. Kimball seems to 
settle in favor of Jefferson all question as to the main responsibility for 
the design. 

The Virginia Magazine of History and Biography prints in the Oc- 
tober number a miscellaneous selection of letters, ranging in date from 
1705 to 1829. They include four (1705, 1707, 1708) from Nathaniel 
Blakiston, agent in England for Virginia and Maryland, to Philip Lud- 
well, member of the Virginia council, one (1713) from William Bassett 
to Ludwell, chiefly concerning Bassett's candidacy for the council, and 
three (1769, 1771, 1775) from Jerman Baker, a distinguished lawyer of 
Virginia, to Thomas Adams in London. In Mr. David I. Bushnell, jr.'s 
studies of the Virginia Frontier in History appear some reports of the 
board of war to Congress, 1778, concerning the western Indians, one of 
which embodies a census of the tribes beyond the Ohio, prepared by 
William Wilson. A group of council papers, all of them communica- 
tions to Governor Nicholson, 1702, includes a letter of November 4, 1702, 
from the Board of Trade to the governor concerning a variety of mat- 
ters. Of especial interest, as describing the situation in Norfolk and 
agricultural conditions in Virginia in 1785, is a letter from John Joyce 
to Rev. Robert Dickson, March 24, 1785. 

The October number of the William and Mary College Quarterly 
Magazine contains a brief discussion of Lincoln's course in regard to 
Fort Sumter, together with a reprint (from the Richmond Daily Ex- 



America 411 

aminer of August 8, 1861) of a letter from Governor Pickens of South 
Carolina, dated August 3, 1861 ; a group of documents concerning the 
alleged claim against the state of Virginia of Lady Virginia Murray, the 
daughter of Lord Dunmore, the last colonial governor of Virginia; and 
some Recommendations and Qualifications of Military and Civil Officers 
in Brunswick County, Virginia, March, 1777, to October, 1782. 

An Encyclopedia of Virginia Biography in five volumes, edited by 
President Lyon Gardiner Tyler, is an output of the Lewis Publishing 
Company. 

Historic Virginia Homes and Churches, by R. A. Lancaster, jr., from 
the press of Lippincott, is elaborately illustrated. 

Mr. Conway W. Sams, who is preparing a series of volumes on the 
Conquest of Virginia, has issued the first volume, entitled The Conquest 
of Virginia: the Forest Primeval. 

The Revolution in Virginia: the Tories and the Patriot Parties, by 
H. J. Eckenrode, is the outcome of extended research into local records 
(Houghton Mifflin Company). 

North Carolina Schools and Academies, i/po-1840: a Documentary 
History (pp. Hi, 846), by Charles L. Coon, is put forth by the North 
Carolina Historical Commission as one of its Publications. This volume 
is similar in character to the author's Beginnings of Public Education in 
North Carolina, 1700-1840, brought out in 1908, and the material of this 
in large measure supplements that of the former work. In the intro- 
duction the author analyzes his material, pointing out the most significant 
facts and developments, as, for instance, the influence which the Uni- 
versity of North Carolina (opened in 1795) has had upon education in 
the state, the physical equipment of the schools, the qualifications of 
teachers and their salaries, the courses of study, the methods of teaching, 
the character of the closing exercises, the current ideas of religious edu- 
cation, the beginnings of denominational colleges, etc. He calls atten- 
tion to the effort about 181 5 to establish Lancaster schools in the state, 
but he fails to explain, what a wayfaring man naturally wishes to know, 
what Lancaster schools actually were; and the documents do not clarify 
the mists very much. The documents are drawn from newspapers and 
other periodicals, in a preponderating measure, in fact, from two Raleigh 
newspapers, the Register and the Star. Greater uniformity in citing 
these papers would have been commendable. The material is assembled 
by counties alphabetically arranged. A separate section concerns the 
beginnings of colleges, and other sections embody educational essays, 
etc. In the collection of this material Mr. Coon has performed a very 
useful service to educational history. 

The Autobiography of Asa Biggs, including a Journal of a Trip from 
North Carolina to New York in 1832 (pp. 51), edited by R. D. W. Con- 



4 1 2 Historical News 

nor, is Bulletin no. 19 of the Publications of the North Carolina His- 
torical Commission. In this brief sketch of his career as member of the 
North Carolina legislature, member of Congress (184 5-1 847), senator 
(1855-1858), United States district judge, Confederate district judge, 
etc., the autobiographer has left several bits of interesting record. That 
part of the Journal also which relates to his visit to Washington re- 
cords some matters of interest. 

Historical Papers, series XI., published by the Trinity College His- 
torical Society, includes a reprint of the Letters of Silvius, a series of 
letters written by Dr. Hugh Williamson of North Carolina and pub- 
lished in the American Museum in the summer of 1787. Included also 
are two studies: the Manhood Suffrage Movement in North Carolina, 
by John W. Carr, jr., and Some Phases of Reconstruction in Wilming- 
ton and the County of New Hanover, by B. W. Ruark. 

The first installment of an interesting paper, by L. R. Garrison, on 
the Administrative Problems of the Confederate Post-Office Department, 
appears in the October number of the Southwestern Historical Quarterly. 
Another article of interest is Early Presbyterianism in Texas as seen by 
Rev. James Weston Miller, D.D., from the pen of his son, Robert Finney 
Miller, M.D. The Alta California Supply Ships, 1773-1776, is an in- 
vestigation by Dr. Charles E. Chapman. This number of the Quarterly 
contains also the concluding portion of W. W. Pierson, jr.'s study of the 
case of Texas v. White, and a continuation of the British Correspond- 
ence concerning Texas, edited by Professor E. D. Adams. 

The Texas History Teachers' Bulletin inaugurates in the number of 
May 15 a department of Source Readings in Texas History. In the 
number mentioned are given some extracts (7 pp.) from A Visit to 
Texas (1836), describing the principal settlements in Austin's colony 
in 1831, and a letter (4 pp.) of David Woodman, jr., taken from A 
Guide to Texas Emigrants (1835). The readings are edited by Pro- 
fessor Eugene C. Barker. 

The late Constantin Lionel Gruzevski, a Lithuanian nobleman, who 
for thirty years lived in poverty as a sign-painter in San Antonio, 
Texas, collected a noteworthy library of books relating to history, 
geography, military science, and folk-lore, of which a leading feature 
was a remarkable collection of books on the Peninsular War and on 
Wellington, said to be the finest in America. This library has lately 
been acquired by the Scientific Society of San Antonio and will be kept 
as a memorial to the man. 

The University of California Press has just published a new volume 
by Professor Herbert E. Bolton, based almost entirely on unpublished 
manuscript sources, Texas in the Middle Eighteenth Century (pp. 458). 

The September number of the Mississippi Valley Historical Review 
contains articles by Professor Herbert E. Bolton on the Location of 



America 4 1 3 

La Salle's Colony on the Gulf of Mexico, by Professor William S. 
Robertson on the First Legations of the United States in Latin 
America, and by Miss Susan M. Reed on British Cartography of the 
Mississippi Valley in the Eighteenth Century, and a survey of recent 
historical activities in Canada by Mr. Lawrence J. Burpee. The diary 
of a journey of Samuel Montgomery, who in 1785 went out through the 
Indian country, beyond the Ohio, to make a treaty with the Shawnees, 
is also printed in this number. 

At a conference of directors of historical work in the Northwest, 
held in Chicago October 23, 1915, it was determined to have a calendar 
made of the documents in the State Department at Washington which 
relate to any of the co-operating states, and Dr. N. D. Mereness was 
engaged to make the calendar. It is presumed that the work will re- 
quire about five months, and when completed the calendar will be 
sent to each of the co-operating states (Indiana, Iowa, Michigan, Wis- 
consin, Minnesota, and Illinois) to be copied or used in making selec- 
tions of documents to be transcribed. 

The Tories of the Upper Ohio, by Professor Wilbur H. Siebert, is 
from the Biennial Report (1911-1914) of the Department of Archives 
and History of West Virginia. 

The April-July issue (double number) of the Quarterly Publication 
of the Historical and Philosophical Society of Ohio contains the Journal 
of Francis Collins, an artillery officer in the Mexican War. The jour- 
nal proper begins January 29, 1847, when the writer, who was then a 
second lieutenant, was at Tampico, Mexico, and ends August 19, 1848, 
a few days after his landing at Old Point Comfort. Some earlier facts 
are recorded, by way of introduction, by Lieutenant Collins himself. 
These experiences and contemporary observations of an intelligent 
officer form an interesting bit of material upon the Mexican War. 
They are edited by his niece, Maria Clinton Collins. 

The July number of the Ohio Archaeological and Historical Quar- 
terly is entirely occupied with a monograph on the History of Banking 
and Currency in Ohio before the Civil War (pp. 305), by C. C. Hunt- 
ington. The author has gathered much material, and has related it to 
general economic conditions and to the course of economic and finan- 
cial events in the country at large. 

Tract No. p5 of the Western Reserve Historical Society includes, as 
part I., the Annual Report for 1914-1015 and, as part II., Letters from 
the Samuel Huntington Correspondence, 1800-1812. Huntington came 
to Ohio from Connecticut in 1801, became chief justice in 1804 and gov- 
ernor in 1808. In fact, during most of the period of this correspond- 
ence he was in public office. Of the 53 letters here printed 48 were 
written to Huntington, five by him. His correspondents were prin- 



4 1 4 Historical News 

cipally such men as Moses Cleaveland, Arthur St. Clair, Gideon 
Granger, Jeremiah Morrow, Edward Tiffin, Stanley Griswold, and 
Thomas Worthington. A frequent correspondent from Connecticut was 
Elisha Tracy, whose letters touch upon Connecticut politics. Subjoined 
are four letters from the correspondence of George Tod, one of which, 
from D. L. Tod, August 15, 1809, describes conditions in the territory 
of Orleans; another, from William Creighton, June 2, 181 1, touches 
upon Tammany Societies in Ohio; and still another embodies a hitherto 
unpublished letter of Thomas Jefferson, February, 1821. 

The plans of the Indiana Historical Commission for the Centennial 
Celebration in 1916 include exercises on May 13 at Corydon, the original 
seat of government, where the first constitutional convention met. A 
more elaborate celebration, which will include a state pageant, will take 
place in Indianapolis during the first half of October. 

The contents of the September number of the Indiana Magazine of 
History include An English Colony in Floyd County, by John Poucher, 
Vevay and Switzerland County, by Julia L. Knox, Indiana Methodism, 
1816-1832, by Ruth Price, and the Era of the Tassements or Stockaded 
Trading Camps, by Hubert M. Skinner. 

The Transactions of the Illinois State Historical Society for the 
year 1913 (Publication no. 19 of the Illinois State Historical Library) 
includes papers read at the annual meeting and other papers. Among 
these are : Benjamin Lundy, a Pioneer of Freedom, the annual address 
before the society, by George A. Lawrence; the Disciples of Christ in 
Illinois and their Attitude toward Slavery, by Rev. N. S. Haynes; the 
History of Presbyterianism in Illinois, by H. D. Jenkins; Stephen A. 
Douglas the Expansionist, by F. E. Stevens; and the Tragedy of 
Starved Rock, by W. A. Jones. 

In the January number of the Journal of the Illinois State Historical 
Society Mr. Jesse W. Weik, using the title An Unpublished Chapter in 
the Early History of Chicago, relates the story of James M. Bucklin 
(1802-1890), chief engineer of the Illinois and Michigan Canal. Credit 
Island, 1814-1914, is the title of an historical address delivered on the 
island by William A. Meese at the celebration of the one hundredth 
anniversary of the battle. There is a paper by C. M. Thompson on 
Elections and Election Machinery in Illinois, 1818-1848, one by W. E. 
Stevens, on the Shaw-Hansen Election Contest, 1822-1823, an episode 
of the slavery contest in Illinois, and a brief discourse concerning the 
County Records of Illinois, by T. C. Pease. A prodigious index (pp. 
136) to vol. VII. of the Journal (April, 1914, to January, 191 5) is in- 
cluded in this number. In the April number appears an address by 
President E. J. James on the Life and Labors of Jonathan B. Turner, 
credited with being the real originator of the Morrill Land Grant Act. 
Rev. John H. Ryan writes a Chapter, from the History of the Under- 



America 415 

ground Railroad in Illinois, and also concerning an Old Time Postal 
Distribution in Illinois. Historical Sketches of Part of the Wabash 
Valley is an address delivered in 1878 by H. W. Beckwith. Mr. John R. 
Rowland contributes a biographical sketch and appreciation of William 
T. Davidson (1837-1915), long editor of the Fulton Democrat of Lewis- 
town, Illinois. 

The Register of the Kentucky State Historical Society for Sep- 
tember contains a valuable article by Miss Mary Scrugham on George 
D. Prentice, and another by Mr. A. C. Quisenberry on " Heads of 
Families" in Franklin County in the Census of 1810. 

Mr. Otto A. Rothert has "printed as manuscript" (Louisville, press 
of John P. Morton and Company, 1915) an interesting paper on Local 
History in Kentucky Literature, in which he gives an account of Ken- 
tucky biographies, autobiographies, and stories of travel, and of such 
poems, novels, and short stories as have found their material in the 
local life of the state. 

The September number of the Tennessee Historical Magazine con- 
tains a brief though useful piece of historical exposition, the True 
Route of the Natchez Trace: the Rectification of a Topographical 
Error, by Park Marshall. Mr. John H. DeWitt's paper on General 
James Winchester, with selected letters from the Winchester Papers, is 
concluded. Much the most interesting and valuable item in this number 
of the Magazine is, however, a group of letters from James K. Polk to 
Cave Johnson, 1833-1848. These letters constitute the greater part of a 
collection inherited by the descendants of Cave Johnson and now in the 
possession of Judge C. W. Tyler of Clarksville, Tennessee. Of the 
forty-six letters here printed, those written in 1844 (23 in number) 
possess the largest interest, inasmuch as their central theme is the 
campaign for the presidency. Another group, those of 1835, concern 
the break between Andrew Jackson and Hugh L. White and the begin- 
nings of the Whig party in Tennessee. The letters are well edited, 
with extended introductory notes, by the editor of the Magazine, Pro- 
fessor St. George L. Sioussat. 

The Burton Historical Library has come into possession of the 
diaries kept by the late Justice Henry B. Brown of the United States 
Supreme Court, beginning in 1856. During most of the earlier part of 
this period Mr. Brown was a resident of Detroit, and the diaries of 
those years possess an especial interest for that city, as the later period 
has for the city of Washington. A collection of photostat copies, some 
four thousand in number, of papers in the War Department, the Senate 
and House archives, and the Department of State, pertaining to the 
formation of the territory of Michigan, the War of 1812, etc., is being 
added to the library. The library has also come into possession of a 
collection of papers from the library of the late Peter White, contain- 
ing interesting items of Michigan history. 



4 1 6 Historical News 

The State Historical Society of Wisconsin is doing a notable service 
in publishing detailed calendars of the Draper Manuscripts. The first 
volume to appear is The Preston and Virginia Papers of the Draper 
Collection of Manuscripts (pp. 357), calendared by Miss Mabel C. 
Weaks. These two series are about equal in extent, and both of them 
relate primarily to Virginia and its border history. The Preston Papers 
extend from about 1730 to 1791, the Virginia Manuscripts from about 
1750 to 1891. The calendar is constructed upon an approved method 
and typographically so presented as to facilitate use. 

The Proceedings of the State Historical Society of Wisconsin at its 
sixty-second annual meeting (October 22, 1914) has come from the 
press. As usual the volume contains a number of historical papers. 
The most notable of these is the Treaty of Ghent, and After, by Dr. 
Worthington C. Ford. Papers of local interest are: the Taverns and 
Stages of Early Wisconsin, by J. H. A. Lacher ; the Labor Movement in 
Wisconsin during the Civil War, by Frederick Merk; and a Semi-His- 
torical Account of the War of the Winnebagos and the Foxes, by Paul 
Radin. A document of especial interest is Henry Hay's Journal from 
Detroit to the Miami River, edited with introduction and notes by M. M. 
Quaife. The journal, which begins December 9, 1789, and ends ab- 
ruptly April 3, 1790, casts some light on the fur-trade of the region at 
the time and is particularly interesting for its picture of life at the 
French and Indian trading post, Miamitown, the present Fort Wayne. 
The volume of Proceedings for 1915 is now in press, and a volume on 
the industrial history of Wisconsin during the Civil War period, by 
Frederick Merk, and an additional volume of the calendar series pertain- 
ing to the Revolution in the West, by Miss Louise P. Kellogg, are ex- 
pected to be ready for the printer early in the year. The society has 
issued a Bulletin of Information (no. 77) descriptive of the collections 
on labor and socialism in the library and will shortly issue a bulletin of 
information descriptive of the Strong and Woodman manuscript col- 
lections. The society has arranged to make photostatic copies of the 
records of the American Fur Company still to be found at Mackinac. 
Important among the manuscript accessions of the past year is a large 
body of the papers of the late Judge E. W. Keyes, whose prominence in 
the political life of the state gives to his papers unusual value. They 
extend from 1847 over a period of sixty years. Another accession of 
some interest is a collection of letters of members of the Continental 
Congress, officers of the Revolution and of the War of 1812, etc., the 
gift of Mr. Simon Gratz of Philadelphia. 

Father Samuel Charles Mazzuchelli, missionary at Mackinac, Green 
Bay, and Galena, and in the surrounding regions, from 1830 to 1864, 
published his memoirs in Italian at Milan in 1844. A member of the 
Dominican sisterhood at Sinsinawa, founded by him, has now trans- 



America 4 1 7 

lated the book into English and it has been published under the title 
Memoirs, Historical and Edifying, of a Missionary Apostolic of the 
Order of Preachers among Tribes of Savages and among Catholics and 
Protestants in the United States of America. The book has particular 
value with respect to early conditions in Wisconsin. 

The Minnesota History Bulletin, vol. I., no. 3 (August), contains an 
account, by Solon J. Buck, superintendent of the Minnesota Historical 
Society, of the Recent Activities of the State Historical Society of 
Wisconsin, and prints a selection of letters from the papers of William 
P. Murray, which recently came into the Minnesota society's possession, 
a group of about 200 letters and other documents dating from 1842 to 
191 1. Among the letters printed is one from Charles K. Smith to Thomas 
Corwin, September 1, 1849, advocating a military academy in the 
northwest. 

In the contents of vol. IV., no. 1, of Acta et Dicta, published by the 
Catholic Historical Society of St. Paul, the main historical item is a 
history of that diocese by the Reverend Dr. Francis J. Schaefer. There 
is also much material respecting the history of the cathedral of St. 
Paul, apropos of the dedication of the new cathedral. By the last will 
of Monsignor A. Oster the society has come into the possession of 
several thousand dollars with which to carry on its work. 

The October number of the Iowa Journal of History and Politics 
contains a History of Presbyterianism in Iowa City (pp. 52), a paper 
read at the celebration (September 26, 1915) of the seventy-fifth anni- 
versary of the First Presbyterian Church of Iowa City, by Mr. Jacob 
Van der Zee. Mr. F. E. Horack presents in the same number an ana- 
lytical discussion of the legislation of the thirty-sixth general assembly 
of Iowa (January to April, 1915). 

The State Historical Society of Iowa has in press a volume on Third 
Party Movements since the Civil War, by F. E. Haynes. 

The principal article in the October number of the Missouri His- 
torical Review is by Floyd C. Shoemaker, entitled the Fathers of the 
State: Personnel of the Missouri Constitutional Convention of 1820, 
being chapter V. of the author's work Missouri's Struggle for State- 
hood. A list of historical articles in Missouri newspapers, June, July, 
and August, 1915, is included in this number. 

The Aftermath of the Civil War in Arkansas (Neale), by Powell 
Clayton, governor of Arkansas from 1868 to 1871, is an effort " to clear 
the political atmosphere of perversions made by the slave-holding 
regime, upon the one hand, and by the factions in the Republican party 
on the other". 

Local and Nebraska History in Nebraska Public Schools (Nebraska 
History and Political Science series, Bulletin no. 8), by C. R. Anderson 

AM. HIST. REV., VOL. XXI. — 27. 



4 1 8 Historical News 

of the State Normal School, Kearney, is a brief discussion of the 
methods of teaching local and state history. 

A contribution of some interest to the study of American folk-lore 
is Folk-Song of Nebraska and the Central West: a Syllabus {Nebraska 
Academy of Sciences Publications, vol. IX., no. 3, pp. 89), by Louise 
Pound, Ph.D. The songs are grouped in 32 classes, usually a stanza is 
given, and a considerable number of songs are printed in full. The 
compiler states that the title " Folk-Song of Nebraska " was discarded 
for the more comprehensive title; and it must still be said that such a 
title is misleading if understood in any other sense than that the songs 
have been current in Nebraska and the central West, for very few of 
them are peculiar to that region. 

The Outing Publishing Company has included in the Outing Adven- 
ture Library Major J. W. Powell's First through the Grand Canyon: 
being the Record of the Pioneer Exploration of the Colorado River in 
1869-1870, edited by Horace Kephart. The book was first published by 
the Smithsonian Institution in 1875. 

A History of Arizona, in two volumes, by T. E. Farish, has been 
published in Phoenix by the state. 

An addition to Heartman's Historical Series is Jonathan S. Green's 
Journal of a Tour on the Northwest Coast of America in the Year 1820 
(New York, C. F. Heartman Company). 

The Washington Historical Quarterly for October contains the Story 
of the Mercer Expeditions, two migrations, principally of women, con- 
ducted by Asa S. Mercer from the eastern seaboard to Washington in 
1864 and 1866. The story is written by Flora A. P. Engle, who, as a girl 
of fifteen, accompanied the second expedition. W. B. Seymore writes 
in this number concerning Pioneer Hotel Keepers of Puget Sound, Hiram 
F. White concerning the Mormon Road, and J. M. Canse has a paper 
entitled Jason Lee: New Evidence on the Missionary and Colonizer. 
The Journal of Occurrences at Nisqually House, edited by Clarence B. 
Bagley, is continued. A complete photostatic transcript of this journal 
has been secured by the State University. 

The Washington State Historical Society (Tacoma) has issued vol. 
II. of its Proceedings, covering the years 1 907-191 5. 

The June number of the Quarterly of the Oregon Historical Society, 
designated " The Open Rivers number ", is occupied with papers pre- 
pared for the celebration of the opening of the Dalles-Celilo canal, May 
5, 1915, and the opening of the Oregon City locks and canal May 6. The 
paper of chief historical importance is the Dalles-Celilo Portage: its 
History and Influence, by T. C. Elliott. Of interest also is the paper of 
H. L. Talkington, the Story of the River: its Place in Northwest 
History. 



America 419 

In the Philippine Journal of Science for November, 191 5, Dr. James 
A. Robertson has an interesting article on the " Igorots of Lepanto ", 
which contains a multitude of depositions by representatives of various 
townships and barrios, as to native customs and historical traditions. 

The Memoires de la Societe Royale du Canada bearing date of March, 
1915 (serie III., vol. VIII., section 1), contains two articles of historical 
interest. The one, entitled Deux Oublies de l'Histoire, recounts the 
career of Jean-Baptiste Bruce, a member of the expedition of Richard- 
son and Rae in search of Sir John Franklin, and that of Jean-Louis 
Legare, an Indian trader who also achieved something in Indian diplo- 
macy; the other, entitled Les Indiens du Canada depuis la Decouverte, 
is by C. M. Barbeau. The English section, Transactions of the Royal 
Society of Canada (section 2 of the same volume), includes the follow- 
ing : the Loyalist Settlements on the Gaspe Peninsula, and the Temporary 
Settlements of Loyalists at Machiche, P. Q., two articles by Professor 
Wilbur H. Siebert, and the First Governor of New Brunswick and the 
Acadians of the River Saint John, by Archdeacon Raymond. A separate 
from vol. IX., section 2, of the Transactions, which has also come to 
hand, is the Loyalists and Six Nation Indians in the Niagara Peninsula 
(pp. 50), by Professor Siebert. 

The Canadian Iron and Steel Industry: a Study in the Economic His- 
tory of a Protected Industry, by W. J. A. Donald, is a Hart, Schaffner, 
and Marx prize essay (Houghton Mifflin). 

Dodd, Mead, and Company have brought out Bernal Diaz del Cas- 
tillo: being some Account of him taken from his True History of the 
Conquest of New Spain, by R. B. Cunninghame Graham. 

The Lopez Expedition to Cuba, 1848-^1851, by R. G. Caldwell, is 
issued by the Princeton University Press. 

The Construction of the Panama Canal, by Brigadier-General W. L. 
Sibert and J. F. Stevens, possesses an authoritative character, as Mr. 
Stevens was for a time chief engineer and Brigadier-General Sibert was 
in charge of an important part of the construction. The book is in- 
tended for the general reader (Appleton). 

Mr. Peter H. Goldsmith, director of the Pan-American division of 
the American Association for International Conciliation, brings out A 
Brief Bibliography of Books in English, Spanish, and Portuguese relat- 
ing to the Republics commonly called Latin American, with Comments 
(Macmillan, pp. xix, 107), excellently conceived, and likely to be useful 
to many historical students. 

Noteworthy articles in periodicals: A. B. Hart, American Historical 
Liars (Harper's Monthly, October) ; C. H. Sherrill, American Country 
Life in Old French Memoirs (Yale Review, October) ; C. W. Spencer, 
Sectional Aspects of New York Provincial Politics (Political Science 



42 o Historical News 

Quarterly, September) ; Basil Williams, Charles Fox and the American 
Revolution (Quarterly Review, October) ; F. I. Schechter, The Early 
History of the Tradition of the Constitution (American Political Sci- 
ence Review, November) ; Helen Nicolay, Our Nation in the Building, 
I. (Century Magazine, December) ; J. B. Moore, Henry Clay and Pan- 
Americanism ( Columbia University Quarterly, September); L. N. Feipel, 
The United States Navy in Mexico, 1821-1914, cont. (U. S. Naval Insti- 
tute Proceedings, September-October) ; J. F. Rhodes, Lincoln in some 
Phases of the Civil War (Harvard Graduates' Magazine, September) ; 
J. B. Moore, A Great Secretary of State: William L. Marcy (Political 
Science Quarterly, September) ; Major Thomas Rowland, C. S. A., 
Letters of a Virginia Cadet at West Point, 18 59-1861, cont. (South 
Atlantic Quarterly, October) ; Gamaliel Bradford, Union Portraits, VI., 
William H. Seward (Atlantic Monthly, September) ; A. W. H. Eaton, 
Chapters in the History of Halifax, Nova Scotia, III. (Americana, Sep- 
tember) ; George Bryce, The Real Strathcona, IV., V., VI. (Canadian 
Magazine, October, November, December).